Complaint Against Wells Fargo Bank For Dual Tracking and Causing a Rigged Foreclosure Sale Resulting in a $900,000 loss to Homeowner

This is not your average wrongful foreclosure case. This case involves a couple that was building a custom home and had about $1M in equity, and had it stolen in a rigged foreclosure sale. As Plaintiffs Everardo and Mirna Miramontes neared completion of a brand new, modern dream home on a desirable lot near Century City, the Miramontes couple set aside over $100,000 in reserve mortgage payments at the lender’s request in expecting that this was the last step of a protracted loan modification process.

The complaint details how Wells Fargo allegedly strung the Miramontes along with a “special forbearance agreement,” then denied their loan mod and sold the property just three days later. To make matters worse, the trustee is alleged to have sold the property at less than market value to a straw buyer after telling another potential bidder willing to pay more that the sale had been postponed.

Wells Fargo Bank assured the Plaintiffs, both orally and in writing, that although they were in arrears, they had completed its special forbearance plan and this meant that

they were out of danger of foreclosure. The lender contemporaneously swore it was not in the business of stealing homes and had represented to them in writing that it would not advance foreclosure proceedings while the modification decision was being made.

But that’s exactly what Wells Fargo Bank did.

On April 12, 2012, the lender violated oral and written promises not to foreclose by conducting the sale just three days after its surprise decision to not modify the loan on any terms.

Though Wells disclaimed any obligation under the parties’ special forbearance plan agreement to modify the loan even after completion of the SFP payments, it did promise to halt all foreclosure activity while the plan was in effect and as long as the borrowers were in compliance. Instead of dismissing the existing foreclosure, Wells filed a notice of sale while the SFP was in effect and then sold the property immediately after the modification was denied, even though the SFP required it to start over after termination.

Damages are evidenced by a rigged foreclosure sale that occurred on April 12, 2012, as documented herein by an exiled, third-party bidder and his eleven administrative complaints about the matter, attached hereto as Exhibit H. The trustee told this bidder, who was physically present to bid at the sale, that it was being postponed, and when this bidder stepped away for coffee, the trustee surreptitiously sold it to a straw buyer, which resulted in a $900K wrongful profit. That deceived bidder was willing to pay $400,000 more for the property than it was sold for by the trustee – and that does not consider who else might have appeared if another four months of time on the market were available. After just nine additional months, the property fetched $2.1M when the foreclosure buyer sold it on the open market.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE – PAGE 1
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OFFICES OF
═════════
PAVONE & FONNER
═════════
A LAW PARTNERSHIP

BENJAMIN PAVONE, ESQ., SBN 181826
KIMBERLEY FONNER, ESQ., SBN 191208
7676 HAZARD CENTER DRIVE, 5TH FLOOR
SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA 92108
TELEPHONE: 619 224 8885
FACSIMILE: 619 224 8886
EMAIL: bpavone@cox.net

ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFFS
EVERARDO AND MIRNA MIRAMONTES

STATE OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES
LOS ANGELES SUPERIOR COURT

EVERARDO MIRAMONTES;
MIRNA MIRAMONTES,

PLAINTIFFS,
v.

WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A.;
WELLS FARGO & COMPANY;
WELLS FARGO HOME
MORTGAGE;
AMERICA’S SERVICING
COMPANY;
CAL-WESTERN
RECONVEYANCE
CORPORATION;
HSBC BANK USA NA;
HSBC BANK USA, NATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, AS TRUSTEE
FOR THE HOLDERS OF
NOMURA HOME EQUITY
LOAN, INC., HOME EQUITY
LOAN TRUST, SERIES 2007 1;
JEM & TLC
INVESTMENTS LLC;
ROBERT CADMAN;
BRENT LIPPINCOT;
and Does 1-20,

DEFENDANTS.

THIRD AMENDED
COMPLAINT FOR:

I. BREACH OF CONTRACT

II. WRONGFUL
FORECLOSURE

III. PROMISSORY ESTOPPEL

IV. VIOLATION OF
ROSENTHAL ACT

V. BREACH OF CONTRACT

VI. WRONGFUL
FORECLOSURE

VII. PROMISSORY
ESTOPPEL

VIII. VIOLATION OF
ROSENTHAL ACT

IX. BREACH OF THE
COVENANT OF GOOD
FAITH AND FAIR
DEALING

CASE NO.: BC579177

X. WRONGFUL
FORECLOSURE

XI. BREACH OF
CONTRACT

XII. NEGLIGENCE

XIII. CONSPIRACY

DEMAND FOR JURY

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
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INTRODUCTION
1. This is not your average wrongful foreclosure case. This case involves a
couple that was building a custom home and had about $1M in equity, and had it stolen
in a rigged foreclosure sale. As Plaintiffs Everardo and Mirna Miramontes neared
completion of a brand new, modern dream home on a desirable lot near Century City,
the Miramontes couple set aside over $100,000 in reserve mortgage payments at the
lender’s request in expecting that this was the last step of a protracted loan modification
process. Wells multitudinously assured them, both orally and in writing, that although
they were in arrears, they had completed its special forbearance plan and this meant that
they were out of danger of foreclosure. The lender contemporaneously swore it was not
in the business of stealing homes and had represented to them in writing that it would
not advance foreclosure proceedings while the modification decision was being made.
But that’s exactly what Wells did.
2. On April 12, 2012, the lender violated oral and written promises not to
foreclose by conducting the sale just three days after its surprise decision to not modify
the loan on any terms.
3. Though Wells disclaimed any obligation under the parties’ special
forbearance plan agreement to modify the loan even after completion of the SFP
payments, it did promise to halt all foreclosure activity while the plan was in effect and
as long as the borrowers were in compliance. Instead of dismissing the existing
foreclosure, Wells filed a notice of sale while the SFP was in effect and then sold the
property immediately after the modification was denied, even though the SFP required
it to start over after termination.
4. The 3-day interval was particularly damaging to the Miramontes couple,
who could have either saved their home or gotten a higher price for it if the couple had
the extra 110 days that a new foreclosure window would have afforded them, even
though Wells ultimately had the right to foreclose.

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5. Damages are evidenced by a rigged foreclosure sale that occurred on April
12, 2012, as documented herein by an exiled, third-party bidder and his eleven
administrative complaints about the matter, attached hereto as Exhibit H. The trustee
told this bidder, who was physically present to bid at the sale, that it was being
postponed, and when this bidder stepped away for coffee, the trustee surreptitiously
sold it to a straw buyer, which resulted in a $900K wrongful profit. That deceived
bidder was willing to pay $400,000 more for the property than it was sold for by the
trustee – and that does not consider who else might have appeared if another four
months of time on the market were available. After just nine additional months, the
property fetched $2.1M when the foreclosure buyer sold it on the open market.
6. Plaintiffs demand trial by jury.
PARTIES
7. Plaintiffs Everardo and Mirna Miramontes are residents of Los Angeles
County and live within the venue and jurisdictional boundaries of this Court.
8. Defendant Wells Fargo & Company is a diversified financial services
company. It is a Delaware corporation headquartered in San Francisco and is the parent
holding company for various Wells Fargo entities. Its principal address is 420
Montgomery Street, San Francisco, California 94104. Its listed agent in California is
Corporation Service Company, located at 2710 Gateway Oaks Drive, Suite 150,
Sacramento, California, 95833.
9. Defendant Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. is a national banking association,
whose principal address in 101 N. Phillips Avenue, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 57104.
Its listed agent for service in California is Corporation Service Company, located at
2710 Gateway Oaks Drive, Suite 150, Sacramento CA 95833. According to its lawyers,
Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Wells Fargo & Company.
10. Defendant Wells Fargo Home Mortgage is a division of Wells Fargo Bank,
N.A., whose principal address in 101 N. Phillips Avenue, Sioux Falls, South Dakota,

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57104. Its listed agent in California is Corporation Service Company, located at 2710
Gateway Oaks Drive, Suite 150, Sacramento CA 95833.
11. Defendant Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation (hereinafter “Cal-
Western”) is an entity of unknown organizational structure during the events in
question, located at P.O. Box 22004, 525 East Main Street, El Cajon, California 92022,
and possibly incorporated in California on October 10, 2013 under Secretary of State
Corporation Number C3610002. Cal-Western is a title company specializing in
foreclosures, which conducts business in Los Angeles County, California.
12. Defendant America’s Servicing Company (“ASC”) is reportedly a division
of Wells Fargo Home Mortgage, a loan and foreclosure servicing entity for Wells and
has used at least four different business addresses:
(a) P.O. Box 9039, Temecula, California 92589-9039;
(b) 1200 West 7th Street, Suite L2-200, Los Angeles, CA 90017;
(c) c/o 525 East Main Street, El Cajon, California 92020; and
(d) P.O. Box 10388, Des Moines, Iowa 50306-0388.
13. Defendant HSBC Bank USA NA is an entity of unknown organizational
form.
14. Defendant HSBC Bank USA, National Association, as trustee for the
holders of Nomura Home Equity Loan, Inc., Home Equity Loan Trust, Series 2007 1 is
an entity of unknown organizational form.
15. Defendant Robert Cadman is an individual and the trustee at the March 13,
2012 and April 12, 2012 foreclosure sale. His whereabouts are presently unknown to
Plaintiffs.
16. Defendant JEM & TLC Investments LLC (“JEM”) is a California
corporation located at 1460 West 9th Street, Ste. 201, Upland, California 91786.
17. Defendant Brent Lippincott is the principal of JEM & TLC Investments
LLC.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
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18. The true names and capacities, whether individual, corporate, associate or
otherwise, of defendants named as Does 1 through 20, inclusive, are unknown to
Plaintiffs who therefore sue such defendants by fictitious names. Plaintiffs will seek
leave of this Court to amend this Complaint with the true names and capacities of the Doe
defendants when the true names and capacities become known to Plaintiffs. Plaintiffs are
informed and believe, and thereon allege, that each of the fictitiously-named defendants
is responsible in some manner for the claims, obligations, and damages sued upon herein
and that each of the Defendants, and all of them, are alternately the agents, servants or
employees of each other, purporting to act within the scope of said agency, service or
employment in performing the acts and omitting to act as averred herein.
FACTUAL ALLEGATIONS

The Lending Relationship Between the
Miramontes Couple and the Banking Entities

19. On or about September 15, 2006, Plaintiffs obtained a loan to purchase a
home in West Los Angeles located at 10598 Kinnard Ave, Los Angeles, California
90024. The loan consisted of a first mortgage for $1,004,250 and a second for
$334,750. A copy of the first deed of trust is attached hereto as Exhibit A, and its
terms are incorporated herein, as well as the promissory note included and incorporated
as Exhibit B.
20. In October, 2006, Plaintiffs signed a contract with an architectural
company to develop plans to build a two-story home to replace the existing structure.
Images of the anticipated home, and its final result, are attached hereto as Exhibit I.
21. On or about May 1, 2007, ASC, Wells’ home mortgage loan servicing
division, acquired the servicing rights to Plaintiffs’ loan. At about this time,
construction began on Plaintiffs’ property.
22. On or about August 1, 2007, Plaintiffs failed to make the mortgage
payment to ASC due to hardship.

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23. Plaintiffs decided to put all income towards continuing construction of the
two-story home.
24. They operated under the belief that once construction was finalized, the
property value would be higher and they would be able to refinance the loans or at least
cash out the equity.
25. On or about February 1, of 2008, ASC was notified of construction on the
property.
26. ASC agreed to reinstate the account by accepting a payment of $40,824.76
to cover arrears.
27. On or about February 28, 2008, Plaintiffs made the $40,824.76 payment
and the account was reinstated.
28. Subsequently, Plaintiffs continued to make their monthly mortgage
payments until August 2008, negatively impacted as they were then by personal
hardship issues as well as the general economic decline.
29. Wells recorded the operative Notice of Default on December 12, 2008, a
copy of which is attached hereto as Exhibit D.
30. Plaintiffs struggled with the sinking economy but continued construction
for the sake of improving the value of the property and further securing its value. They
communicated with ASC as to the development of the construction and a possible
forbearance of the loan until construction was finalized.
31. On January 14, 2009, Defendant Cal-Western substituted in as the trustee
for the purpose of conducting the foreclosure sale, a copy of which is attached hereto as
Exhibit F.
32. ASC was aware that construction was ongoing at the property and that
once construction was finalized, it would increase the property’s value, which would
expand Plaintiffs’ options to make the transaction profitable for all involved.
33. On or about August 12, 2010, after two years of negotiating potential loan
forbearances with ASC, Plaintiffs were formally granted it.

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34. Plaintiffs were to make four payments: August 17, 2010 for $6,695.01, and
three subsequent payments of $11,147.84 due on September 12, October 12 and
November 12, 2010.
35. Plaintiffs made the first and second payments but were unable to make the
subsequent payments due to the large amounts involved.
36. Plaintiffs renewed negotiations to seek a lower monthly payment, one that
they could manage.
37. On or about January 27, 2011, ASC agreed to a written “Special
Forbearance Plan,” (SFP) a true and correct copy attached hereto as Exhibit C.
38. The SFP made the following representations within its offer:
(a) that its offer was “in an effort to help you remain in your home.”
(b) that “any outstanding payments and fees will be reviewed for a loan
modification.”
(c) “if [you, the borrower are] approved for a loan modification, based
on investor guidelines, this will satisfy the remaining past due
amounts on your loan and we will send you a loan modification
agreement.”
(d) “if your loan is in foreclosure, we will instruct our foreclosure
counsel to suspend proceedings once the initial installment has been
received, and to continue to suspend the action as long as you keep
to the terms of the agreement.”
(e) “Upon full reinstatement, we will instruct our foreclosure
proceedings and report to the credit bureaus accordingly.” [This
statement appears to be written in error, as it makes no grammatical
sense. Based on other similar SFP’s, the language was apparently
intended to convey that upon full reinstatement, the lender would
instruct its foreclosure counsel to dismiss foreclosure proceedings
and report to the bureaus accordingly.]

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(f) “Any outstanding payments and fees will be reviewed for a loan
modification, based on investor guidelines, this will satisfy the
remaining past due payments on your loan and we will send you a
loan modification agreement.”
(g) “If the Agreement is terminated, the lender may institute foreclosure
proceedings according to the terms of the Note and Security
Instrument.”
39. The SFP did not state how or when the decision for the loan modification
would be conveyed, whether in writing or orally or otherwise.
40. Pursuant to the terms of the SFP, Plaintiffs were to make four payments: a
first payment of $14,020 on February 3, 2011, and three subsequent monthly payments
of $9,513.25 due on March 3, April 3, and May 3, 2011. These were all higher amounts
than the $8,909 monthly payments due under the terms of their mortgage at the time.
41. Plaintiffs made all of these payments.
42. As of June 5, 2011 Plaintiffs were current under the Special Forbearance
Plan and otherwise in compliance with the lender’s informational requests related to it,
and thereafter until the property was sold on April 12, 2012.
43. After Plaintiffs made all four payments under the SFP, ASC notified the
borrowers to continue to make interest-only payments in the amount of $6,695 until
they received a new modified payment plan that would include principal, interest, taxes,
and insurance.
44. Plaintiffs continued to make the $6,695 payments through August 5, 2011
as instructed.
45. On August 21, 2011, Plaintiffs received an ASC letter indicating a new
modified payment for October 2011 in the amount of $8,909.64 , as reflected in a
writing issued by the lender.
46. Plaintiffs inquired of ASC about this new payment amount but were told to
continue making the $6,695 instead.

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47. Plaintiffs made their payment in the lower sum on or about September 5,
2011, with the lender’s consent.
48. On October 3, 2011, Plaintiffs called ASC to request an electronic payment
set up. ASC declined.
49. Plaintiffs were told that their payment structure was going to change again
and that Plaintiffs should therefore wait before tendering a payment for October.
50. On October 6, 2011, Plaintiffs called ASC and were told to wait four to six
weeks before making another payment, as ASC was in the process of preparing new
payment instructions for them which would include principal, interest, insurance and
taxes.
51. ASC explicitly assured Plaintiffs that the lender had no intention of selling
the property in foreclosure.
52. On October 7, 2011, Plaintiffs called ASC, and were told by Defendants’
loan modification representative Barbara Pasquale that she needed their personal and
business bank statements, personal financial statements, business profit and loss
statements, a form 4506T signed and dated, and an appraisal of the property.
53. Plaintiffs reminded Ms. Pasquale that they were awaiting the new modified
mortgage payment as previously instructed by ASC.
54. Plaintiffs submitted the requested information to ASC with the exception
of the appraisal.
55. On October 17, 2011, Pasquale requested additional information, and on
October 19, 2011, she inquired about the nature of Plaintiffs’ income and sought more
information about Plaintiffs’ business.
56. Plaintiffs were again told to wait until the review was complete before
making any further payments. She gave Plaintiffs a time frame of four to six weeks.
57. Plaintiffs submitted the information requested along with a formal property
appraisal.

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58. On January 6, 2012, Ms. Pasquale requested still more information from
Plaintiffs, including a hardship letter, updated personal and business bank statements,
and other financial statements.
59. Plaintiffs honored the request.
60. On February 3, 2012, Pasquale requested updated information again and
again Plaintiffs timely submitted the information.
61. On February 21, 2012, Everardo Miramontes wrote to Ms. Pasquale
memorializing the fact that ASC had instructed the couple not to make their regular
monthly mortgage payments until notified.
62. On March 6, 2012, Ms. Pasquale confirmed to Plaintiffs that everything
was fine, that ASC was working on modifying Plaintiffs’ loan, and that ASC only
needed updated tax returns for Plaintiffs and their business.
63. On March 13, 2012, ASC requested more information, and Plaintiffs
submitted the information.
64. Ms. Pasquale on March 21, 2012 requested additional information that was
again submitted by Plaintiffs.
65. From February 2011 through the end of March 2012, although they were in
arrears on the property, the lender was adequately secured. Plaintiffs understandably
believed they were in sufficiently good standing with the lender to avoid foreclosure:
they had made all payments under the Special Forbearance Plan and they were
withholding the regular monthly payments at the lender’s direction pending the
expected modification. Plaintiffs went back and forth with ASC on the phone, with
ASC numerously assuring Plaintiffs that ASC was not in the business of taking people’s
homes. ASC and its agents repeatedly assured Plaintiffs that if there was a foreclosure
sale date mentioned on some paperwork, the date would be promptly moved since ASC
knew Plaintiffs did not want to lose their home and construction investment.
66. In the period from June, 2011 through the end of March, 2012:

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(a) ASC informed Miramontes that they were no longer in foreclosure,
over 15 times;
(b) ASC informed Miramontes that there was nothing to worry about,
20-25 times;
(c) ASC informed Miramontes that they would not lose their home,
about 30 times;
(d) ASC informed Miramontes that the bank was not in the business of
taking people’s homes, over 25 times;
(e) Miramontes was informed that the bank wanted to work with them,
at least 12 times and;
(f) Miramontes was told that there would be no more sale dates, over
five times.
67. The reason Everardo Miramontes made so many inquires along these lines,
and obtained so many assurances from ASC in response as documented above, was
because foreclosure of the Kinnard property not only would mean an extraordinary loss
of equity for him and his wife, and the end of the couple’s dream to own this home, but
it risked the loss of Everardo’s father’s residential condo as well, which had been
pledged as security for the Kinnard construction loan.
68. On April 9, 2012, the banking entities suddenly reversed their position
after months and months of assurances to the borrowers, and sold the home at
foreclosure just 3 days later, on April 12, 2012.
69. Plaintiffs were told on April 9, 2012 that the ‘investor’ who owned their
loan, and that ASC represented (a reference to Defendant HSBC), had changed its mind
and decided that Plaintiffs could not afford the subject property even on a modified
mortgage.
70. ASC claimed that it had tried numerous times to help persuade the lender
otherwise, that ASC had exhausted all avenues for helping Plaintiffs get a modified
mortgage loan, and that there was nothing more ASC could do – including notably to

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delay the sale long enough for Miramontes to sell it at market value, pay off all the liens
and at least allow the couple to recoup some of their equity.
71. ASC then claimed it had never told Plaintiffs not to send their monthly
mortgage payments, a blatant untruth.
72. Plaintiffs questioned how ASC could take such an about-face position
from their prior, explicit instructions, and they reminded Barbara Pasquale that all their
payments had been put aside in reserve in their bank account, liquid and ready for
immediate payment.
73. Plaintiffs had participated and completed the SFP and set aside over
$100,000 in reliance on the fact that ASC had instructed them not to make payments
thereafter, while ASC recalculated their payment terms pursuant to the loan
modification.
74. Plaintiffs understood that they would probably need to catch their
payments up once ASC finally completed the loan modification process and they had
set aside funds to do so.
75. Apart from the multitudinous assurances, the instruction to not pay the
mortgage payments is significant because it strongly implied that there was a reason
behind such an unusual request, namely, that the loan was in fact being restructured
pursuant to the loan modification program in the Special Forbearance Plan. In
retrospect, that peculiar instruction not to make any further payments, coupled with
ASC’s decision not to accept the payments aggregated in Plaintiffs’ bank account,
betrays Defendants’ true purpose all along: they did not want Plaintiffs to make good
on their home loan; they wanted to take the Kinnard property out from under Plaintiffs
but only after Plaintiffs had improved the property with completed new construction,
thereby yielding an easy seven-figure sale.
The Foreclosure Sale
76. On April 12, 2012, Wells/ASC sold Plaintiffs’ home at a trustee sale for
the sum of $1,308,174.

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77. The value at the time of sale was approximately $2,400,000 according to
comparable sales in the area.
78. At the sale, two bidders appeared.
79. One was familiar to the Plaintiffs.
80. He was there to bid on the property.
81. The other was a representative of Defendant JEM.
82. The first bidder was falsely told by the trustee that the property was not for
sale that day, that the sale was being postponed and that a written notice to this effect
would be circulated. The trustee told the first bidder this several times.
83. When the first bidder then went for coffee, the trustee surreptitiously sold
the property to JEM.
84. JEM recorded its purchase of Plaintiffs’ property from Wells’/ASC’s
foreclosure trustee on May 2, 2012 for the price of $1,308,174.
85. The first bidder thereafter filed 11 administrative complaints based on the
foreclosure trustee’s deceptive conduct, as reflected in a declaration attached hereto as
Exhibit H, along with its internal Exhibits A-K.
86. JEM sold the property just seven months later, on December 3, 2012, for a
price of $2,175,000.
87. JEM thus turned a mammoth $900K profit on the transaction after only
seven months, thanks to the beautiful new construction Plaintiffs had completed on the
property by the time Wells executed their lie-in-wait foreclosure.
88. In Reyes v. Wells Fargo, Northern District Case Number 3:10-cv-01667-
JCS, other plaintiff-borrowers alleged that Wells Fargo’s Special Forbearance Plans
were fraudulent. They filed suit alleging breach of contract, breach of the covenant of
good faith and fair dealing, rescission, FDCPA and UCL causes of action.
89. The theory of the Reyes plaintiffs’ case with respect to the breach of
contract cause of action was that Wells had committed to provide the borrowers with a
“meaningful”’ opportunity to obtain a loan modification.

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90. On a motion to dismiss, the court in Reyes concluded that Wells, based on
the language in the Special Forbearance Agreement, had not actually committed to
provide the borrowers with such an opportunity. Therefore, it dismissed the breach of
contract claim.
91. The case was later settled, which included releases, while a motion for
class certification was pending on two remaining causes of action relating to unlawful
debt collection that were permitted to go forward. Plaintiff Mirna Miramontes opted
out of that settlement. Everardo Miramontes may not have opted out, but if he did not,
he still would have recovered his interest in the property had the lender respected
Mirna’s rights. He is also included as a plaintiff.
92. The Miramontes couple now brings a different claim from the Reyes
breach of contract claim, one also based on the terms and conditions of the SFP, but not
premised on the lender having committed to provide the borrower with a loan
modification.
93. In this case, Plaintiffs allege that the lender could not continue foreclosure
the existing foreclosure proceedings based on the previously-filed Notice of Default,
without breaching the terms of the SFP.
94. It appears that four Notices of Default were filed in total against Plaintiffs’
property, with the operative one on December 12, 2008. The right to continue
foreclosure from that 2008 NoD ended after Plaintiffs’ first payment under the SFP and
while it was in effect, or was allowed only if the couple failed to make the SFP
payments.
95. However, if the couple completed the payments, it remained in effect until
the lender made a decision on the loan modification. Accordingly, the bank
Defendants’ foreclosure activity in this case was prohibited, a circumstance bolstered
by numerous oral representations.

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96. Assuming the lender elected ultimately to deny the loan modification, a
new NoD and the traditional subsequent process was required in order to effectuate a
valid foreclosure in compliance with the SFP, per the “institute” language in Exhibit C.
97. The decision by Wells to resume foreclosure proceedings based on the
2008 NoD, rather than reinitiating them with a new NoD, breached the SFP language
cited above and damaged Plaintiffs because there was only a very short interval
between the time of the renewed proceedings and the actual sale, a 72-hour period that
was far too short for the first bidder to perfect his qualification paperwork and then bid
at the foreclosure sale.
98. The first bidder only learned of the sale of the Kinnard property on April
11, 2012, just one day before it was scheduled to commence. If he had had more time
and had had more notice, he would have been able to participate more fully in the
foreclosure sale and bid up the property to the amount he was willing to pay, $1.7M, as
reflected by the detail in Exhibit H.
99. The property might also have been bid even higher than that, or sold
privately in the intervening minimum 110-day interval, if a new NoD were filed as the
SFP required, or perhaps more favorably dealt with in a deal with the first bidder given
the 110-day window of additional breathing room, as the construction was complete and
the appraisal was done indicating a value much higher than $1.3 million. The property
may have generated additional bidders at a sale that was conducted on more substantial
notice and with a serious marketing effort.
100. As of October, 2011, the property appraised for $2.2M. It was valued at
about $2.4M as of April, 2012.
101. In support of these valuation figures, within just nine months after it was
sold at foreclosure in April, 2012 for $1.3M, it was sold privately to another buyer for
$2.175M, almost $900K more than it was sold for at foreclosure.

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I.
FIRST CAUSE OF ACTION
BREACH OF CONTRACT
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
102. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101 as if fully set forth into this cause
of action. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause
of action.
103. This cause of action is based on breach of this language in the SFP: “If the
Agreement is terminated, the lender may institute foreclosure proceedings according to
the terms of the Note and Security Instrument.” (See Exhibit C.) The term “institute”
required the lender to restart any foreclosure proceedings with a new Notice of Default,
not continue with the one already in progress.
104. The SFP did not set up a timetable for its various events. It required four
periodic payments. There was a commitment by Wells to “review” the situation for a
possible loan modification after Plaintiffs made the four payments SFP.
105. As relevant here, the SFP states at page 3: “The lender, in its sole
discretion and without further notice to you, may terminate this Agreement.”
106. The SFP also states, “[t]he indebtedness of the referenced loan is in default
and in consideration of extending forbearance for a period of time,” without spelling out
what that “period of time” was.
107. Although the SFP contemplated only four payments, its termination was
not set at the end of the fourth payment, as that was simply the term of the borrower’s
trial payment obligations.
108. The lender’s obligations to consider a loan modification necessarily
attached at the end of the fourth payment, at which time it was obligated to review the
borrower’s situation and make a loan modification decision.

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109. Though the four payments had been made by June, 2011, the lender did not
make the loan modification decision until or about April 9, 2012, when it informed
Miramontes that the modification would not go forward on any terms and that the
property was being sold in three days.
110. Because the SFP agreement was not actually terminated until on or about
April 9, 2012, the above language relating to the consequences of termination (“[i]f the
Agreement is terminated, the lender may institute foreclosure proceedings according to
the terms of the Note and Security Instrument”) applies as follows: as of April 9, 2012,
the lender was entitled to institute foreclosure proceedings under the terms of the Note
and Security Instrument, as it did not terminate the SFP until April 9, 2012 when it
notified Miramontes that it was not offering a loan modification.
111. To institute means to start or initiate. Under the plain language and
meaning of the term, a lender may not “institute” a foreclosure proceeding by renewing
one already in progress. Under the subject note and security instrument, foreclosure
proceedings were instituted by the issuance of a Notice of Default, which results in a
period of at least 110 days before a foreclosure sale can actually occur.
112. Defendants thus breached the SFP by continuing the existing foreclosure
proceeding rather than by instituting a new one, as required by the plain language of the
SFP and the other circumstances documented, including the earlier grammatical error in
it as described in paragraph 38(e) above.
113. Wells issued a Notice of Sale on February 21, 2012, while the SFP was
still in effect as the lender was still considering the loan modification pursuant to the
SFP’s terms and had not otherwise terminated it.
114. This interpretation of the SFP is further evidenced by the many oral
representations made to the borrowers as set forth above and incorporated herein, which
reflected that Wells’ representatives considered and projected that the borrowers’
compliance with the SFP removed them from the risk of foreclosure.

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115. Although it had the right within limits to terminate in its discretion, in this
case Wells did not actually terminate the SFP agreement until April 9, 2012, and by the
plain language of the SFP agreement, that only allowed Wells to initiate foreclosure
proceedings thereafter, not continue with the one already in existence.
116. Plaintiff was damaged by this breach of the parties’ SFP agreement, as the
short notice to sale prevented an alternate bidder from increasing the sale price at the
foreclosure, from having other bidders appear at a more substantial sale, and/or
prevented the borrowers from taking steps to save their equity by some other means.
II.
SECOND CAUSE OF ACTION
WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
117. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101 and 271-305, as if fully set forth
herein. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of
action.
118. This cause of action is based on the same facts and language in the SFP
agreement as the above breach of contract cause of action: “If the Agreement is
terminated, the lender may institute foreclosure proceedings according to the terms of
the Note and Security Instrument.” (See Exhibit C.) The lender disregarded this
language by marching along with its pre-existing foreclosure activity while the SFP was
still in effect and Plaintiffs were still in compliance under its terms, by filing a Notice of
Sale on February 21, 2012, while the loan modification was still under consideration
and at a time when it had promised to stop all foreclosure activity.
119. The SFP did not set up a timetable for its various events. It required four
periodic payments. There was a commitment by Wells to ‘review’ the borrower’s
situation for a possible loan modification after Plaintiffs made those four payments.

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Because it did not commit to a particular time to decide on the modification issue,
Wells also did not create a particular end date for the SFP agreement.
120. As relevant here, the SFP also states at page 3: “The lender, in its sole
discretion and without further notice to you, may terminate this Agreement.”
121. The SFP also states, “[t]he indebtedness of the referenced loan is in default
and in consideration of extending forbearance for a period of time,” without spelling out
what that period of time is.
122. Although the SFP contemplates four payments, its termination is not
automatically set at the end of the fourth payment, as that is simply the length of the
borrower’s trial payment obligations.
123. The lender’s obligations to consider loan modification are triggered after
Plaintiffs made the fourth payment, at which time Wells was obligated to review the
borrowers’ situation and make a decision, but on no specific timetable.
124. In this case, Wells did not make that decision until at or near April 9, 2012,
when it informed Miramontes that the modification would not go forward on any terms
and that the property was being sold in three days. Plaintiffs were compliant with the
lender’s payment and information requests throughout this period. It was reasonable to
expect that the stay on foreclosure activity would continue until the modification
decision was made by Wells based upon the successful trial payment period and
Plaintiffs’ submissions of financial information as requested by the lender.
125. Because the SFP agreement was not actually terminated until on or about
April 9, 2012, the above language relating to the consequences of termination (“[i]f the
Agreement is terminated, the lender may institute foreclosure proceedings according to
the terms of the Note and Security Instrument”) applies: no earlier than April 9, 2012
was the lender entitled to institute foreclosure proceedings as that is when Wells
decided not to offer Plaintiffs a loan modification.
126. To institute means to start or initiate. The plain language of the SFP
agreement therefore required the lender to “institute” foreclosure proceeding, not renew

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ones begun before the SFP. Under the subject note and security instrument, foreclosure
proceedings were instituted by the issuance of a Notice of Default, which results in a
period of at least 110 days before a foreclosure sale can occur.
127. It was therefore illegal, fraudulent and wrongful for Wells to continue pre-
existing foreclosure proceedings while the SFP was in effect by issuing a Notice of Sale
on February 21, 2012, because it was still considering the loan modification pursuant to
the SFP’s terms and the agreement had not otherwise been terminated.
128. Essentially, Defendants promised they would not dual track the Plaintiffs
while the loan modification was being considered, but that promise was untrue: they did
not stop the existing foreclosure process, did not only proceed anew upon termination
of the SFP, and most deleteriously, removed any chance the borrowers could recoup
some or all of their equity by stinging them with a surprise foreclosure sale that
occurred just three days after they declined to modify the loan.
129. Put another way, according to the language of the SFP agreement, Wells
could have terminated in its discretion at a given time during the SFP or it could have
terminated later. But in this case, it did not terminate until on or about April 9, 2012,
and that termination only allowed it to initiate foreclosure proceedings anew thereafter,
not continue with ones already in existence.
130. Wells’ conduct was wrongful because it had no intention of honoring its
promises under the SFP agreement. Apart from such broken promises, in the Reyes
case, Wells took the position that the language in the SFP only obligated them not to
conduct an actual sale. Wells claimed this language allowed them to continue recording
the prerequisite notices. According to Wells, it “delivered on” the SFP contract by not
conducting a sale during the “period of time” contemplated by its terms. But the
“institute” language of the SFP plainly contradicts this position. It requires new default
and foreclosure sale notices. The Reyes court rejected Wells’ argument.
131. In this case, Wells has argued that Plaintiffs did not even cite language
within the SFP in support of his arguments; it then claimed that other courts had

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rejected these same claims based on the SFP. This is not true. As Wells presumably
took this or similarly positions across hundreds or thousands of its SFP loan contracts,
this is no small piece of disingenuity.
132. Defendants’ intention not to honor its promises is further evidenced by the
fact that, on information and belief, Wells made thousands of these promises and
routinely continued the foreclosure process despite them.
133. The many oral promises by Wells that compliance with the SFP meant
Plaintiffs were out of danger of foreclosure also reinforce the view that the lender’s
conduct was not just a simple breach, but a knowingly wrongful act amounting to a tort.
134. Plaintiff was damaged by this violation, as the short notice to the sale date
prevented an alternate bidder or bidders, from increasing the ultimate price at the
foreclosure sale and/or prevented the borrowers from taking steps to save their equity
by other means in the interim that Wells’ compliance with the promise would have
afforded.
135. Based on the aforementioned allegations, the foreclosure of the Kinnard
property was tortious, as it was illegal based on the SFP, fraudulent by virtue of the
many broken oral promises, and wrongful in general given the surprise nature of it.
III.
THIRD CAUSE OF ACTION
PROMISSORY ESTOPPEL
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
136. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-135 as if fully set forth herein. Mention
of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of action.
137. This cause of action is essentially based on the same SFP language as the
above breach of contract and foreclosure claims (CoA 1 and 2): “If the Agreement is
terminated, the lender may institute foreclosure proceedings according to the terms of
the Note and Security Instrument.” (See Exhibit C.)

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138. The above promise was clear and unambiguous as it was in writing and
used all common English words.
139. The Miramontes couple relied on Wells’ promise by not taking any other
precautionary action with respect to the property while the loan modification was
pending, particularly since Mr. Miramontes had a well-documented willingness to take
action attempting to save the property. For example, Miramontes may have been able
to file a professionally-prepared Chapter 7 or Chapter 11 action to protect and save the
equity in the Kinnard property from a needless loss.
140. It was reasonable and foreseeable that the borrowers would rely on Wells’
SFP promise, which essentially meant they were removed from the pre-existing
foreclosure proceeding when they made the four SFP payments successfully. They
were entitled to rest from having to take drastic precautionary measures to protect the
equity in the property (such as marketing it and selling it at its present fair market value
or filing a bankruptcy action) while there was still a possibility that the lender would
modify the loan and the borrowers could themselves keep it as their home.
141. Plaintiffs were damaged by their reliance in that they could not take any
equity-saving measures in the three-day interval between notification of the adverse
modification decision and the April 12, 2012 sale, which caused them a complete loss
of their equity.
142. Although Plaintiffs believe there was consideration for the SFP, such that
it is an enforceable contract in its own right, they make room for the possibility that the
additional payments and the detailed financial disclosures tendered in support of the
loan modification application may not be deemed enough additional or different
consideration to merit contractual enforcement. If consideration fails, then this cause of
action is brought in the alternative.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
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IV.
FOURTH CAUSE OF ACTION
VIOLATION OF ROSENTHAL ACT
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
143. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-135 and 271-305, as if fully set forth
herein. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of
action.
144. This cause of action is primarily based on the same language in the SFP:
“If the Agreement is terminated, the lender may institute foreclosure proceedings
according to the terms of the Note and Security Instrument.”
145. Defendants were “debt collectors” engaging in debt collection practices
under the Rosenthal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act.
146. Wells, acting as a loan servicer, regularly uses the instrumentalities of
interstate commerce and the mails, the principal purpose of which is the collection of
debts.
147. Wells regularly collects or attempts to collect debts asserted to be owed to
HSBC and other lenders.
148. The Reyes case addresses similar facts to this case. The Reyes court
allowed a Rosenthal claim to proceed. Saldate, cited by this Court in its demurrer order
and supported by several other district court cases (Izenberg, Gamboa and Swanson)
addresses different claims about different facts, namely irregularities in the chain of title
negatively impacting the lender’s right to foreclose. Those cases are factually
distinguishable from both the Reyes case and Plaintiffs’ claims herein. The Miramontes
couple is not claiming that Wells had no right to foreclose; they are arguing that Wells
made false promises in terms of how and when they would go about foreclosure under
the SFP agreement. The FDCPA is intended to curtail objectionable acts occurring in
the process of collecting funds from a debtor. While foreclosing on a trust deed is a

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different path in that it is liquidating a security interest, Wells went beyond just
liquidating its security.
149. Foreclosure agents such as Wells rise to the level of debt collectors when
they go beyond ordinary foreclosure. Wells went beyond ordinary foreclosure as
follows: it substantially changed the relationship between the parties by entering the SFP
and removed the parties from a traditional foreclosure procedure: it promised to stay all
foreclosure activity in the interim; it solicited and obtained additional payments when no
further money was due; it solicited and obtained detailed financial information not
required under the note and deed; it spent ten months deciding and delaying whether to
grant Plaintiffs a loan modification. There is much evidence to support the idea that
Wells’ entire SFP program was a token ruse to give the impression of a good-faith loan
modification solution to many disenfranchised homeowners, when in reality this was a
public relations illusion underneath which existed a self-serving program of systematic
foreclosure. Here, Wells delayed the foreclosure until the borrowers completed the
construction to make its recovery on the loan that much easier; it collected additional
funds along the way; and it engaged in affirmative trickery in eliminating potential
bidders at the foreclosure sale. This is not the kind of “ordinary” foreclosure conduct
that insulates lenders from the label of debt collector under the Rosenthal Act. This is a
large-scale scheme to utilize the foreclosure laws to commit predatory and profitable
acts against borrowers, well beyond the normal foreclosure process under a standard
deed of trust.
150. The subject statement in the SFP was misleading under the Rosenthal Act.
Thus, this cause of action is not based on the foreclosure itself, but the violation of an
independent, contractual promise not to foreclose.
151. Although Wells claimed in Reyes that they intended these statements to
provide a borrower relief only from an actual foreclosure sale date, the language they
actually employed suggested that, unless they affirmatively terminated the SFP, they
would stop the pending foreclosure activity and only renew the foreclosure process by

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issuing a new NoD, as that is the first step to “institute foreclosure proceedings.” In
addition, Wells made numerous oral promises assuring the borrowers the lender would
not foreclosure and that they, the borrowers, were out of danger in this regard.
152. Defendants thus violated the Rosenthal Act by using false, deceptive,
and/or misleading statements in connection with their collection of Plaintiffs’ Special
Forbearance Plan debt, as alleged herein. Cal. Civ. Code § 1788.17, incorporating 15
U.S.C.A. § 1692e.
V.
FIFTH CAUSE OF ACTION
BREACH OF CONTRACT
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
153. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101, as if fully set forth herein.
Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of action.
154. This cause of action is based on breach of the following language in the
SFP agreement: “if your loan is in foreclosure, we will instruct our foreclosure counsel
to suspend proceedings once the initial installment has been received, and to continue to
suspend the action as long as you keep to the terms of the agreement.” (See Exhibit C,
emphasis added.)
155. This breach of contract claim is different from the earlier one in that, even
if the term “institute” can be read to allow for continuation of the pre-existing
foreclosure proceedings, the SFP was still in effect through April 9, 2012. Miramontes
was still in compliance with its terms as of that date and the lender had promised to
suspend foreclosure proceedings throughout that duration.
156. Therefore, the foreclosure sale the lender conducted on April 12, 2012,
premised on a Notice of Sale that had been recorded on February 21, 2012, was a
violation of the above language, as its February, 2012 NoS was not consistent with a
suspension of foreclosure proceedings but in fact reflected the opposite – advancement
of those proceedings in contravention of this commitment.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
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157. As explained above, an exact date of termination of the SFP was not
spelled out in the agreement itself, as it was a function of Wells’ loan modification
decision. Termination of the SFP thus coincided with Wells’ decision not to grant
Miramontes any form of loan modification, which occurred on or about April 9, 2012.
Before that, Miramontes was in compliance with the SFP by virtue of the four SFP
payments they made, the interest-only payments for several months after that at the
lender’s request, the suspension of payments thereafter also at the lender’s request, and
the provision of voluminous personal financial information as requested by the lender
through late March 2012.
158. Because the SFP governed the parties’ relationship from January 27, 2011
through April 9, 2012, including as relevant here February 21, 2012, its commitment
and obligation to suspend all foreclosure proceedings was in effect during that time.
159. Wells did not commit to suspend just the foreclosure sale; they explicitly
committed to suspend all foreclosure “proceedings” while the borrowers were in
compliance with the SFP. A notice of sale is part of a foreclosure proceeding; it
contravened the language of the SFP to file it while the SFP was in effect.
160. Wells breached this contractual obligation when they elected to file the
February 21, 2012 Notice of Sale.
161. The earliest they could file a new Notice of Sale was on April 10, 2012,
after they terminated the SFP.
162. Any Notice of Sale required at least 15 days’ notice before the actual sale
itself could occur, under California law.
163. As 15 days would have been sufficient time for the first bidder to perfect
his qualification paperwork, and/or make a deal with Miramontes to save the property
in some other fashion or cash out the equity, Miramontes was damaged by the lender’s
breach of contract, as the filing of a new notice of sale would have precluded a sale as
early as April 12, 2012.

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164. Plaintiff was damaged by this broken promise, as the short notice to sale
prevented any alternate bidder from increasing the ultimate price at the foreclosure sale
and/or prevented the borrowers from taking steps to save their equity by other means in
the interim that compliance with the promise would have afforded them.
VI.
SIXTH CAUSE OF ACTION
WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
165. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101 and 271-305, as if fully set forth
herein. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of
action.
166. This cause of action is based on the same language as the prior breach
cause of action in the SFP: “if your loan is in foreclosure, we will instruct our
foreclosure counsel to suspend proceedings once the initial installment has been
received, and to continue to suspend the action as long as you keep to the terms of the
agreement.” (See Exhibit C.)
167. Even if the lender was not required to dismiss the existing foreclosure
upon completion of the four SFP payments, and even if the term “institute” can be read
to allow for continuation of the pre-existing proceedings, the SFP was still in effect
through April 9, 2012. Miramontes was still in compliance with its terms as of that
date.
168. Therefore, the foreclosure sale the lender conducted on April 12, 2012,
premised on a Notice of Sale that had been recorded on February 21, 2012, was a
violation of the above language, as its February, 2012 NoS was not consistent with a
suspension of foreclosure proceedings but in fact reflected the opposite – advancement
of those proceedings in direct contravention of its commitment.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
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169. As explained above, the date of termination of the SFP was not spelled out
with precision in the agreement itself.
170. In this situation, termination of the SFP coincided with Wells’ decision not
to grant the Miramontes any form of loan modification on or about April 9, 2012.
Before that, Miramontes were in compliance with it by virtue of the four SFP payments,
the interest-only payments for several months after that, and the suspension of payments
thereafter, all at the lender’s request. It had not been terminated earlier; a logical
reading of its terms means it was in effect until a decision on the load modification was
made, unless the lender affirmatively terminated earlier.
171. Because the SFP agreement governed the parties’ relationship from
January 27, 2011 through April 9, 2012, including as relevant here February 21, 2012,
its commitment and obligation to suspend all foreclosure proceedings was in effect.
172. Wells did not commit to suspend just the foreclosure sale; they committed
to suspend all foreclosure “proceedings” while the borrowers were in compliance with
the SFP. A notice of sale is part of a foreclosure proceeding; it contravened the
language of the SFP for Wells to file it while the SFP was in effect.
173. Wells thus promised to suspend all foreclosure proceedings, making its
continuation of the foreclosure proceedings, including by filing the NoS in February
2012, illegal under the terms of the SFP, wrongful for the same reason, and fraudulent
in that Wells misrepresented its promises and ignored its obligations under the SFP.
174. Wells promised the Miramontes couple that they would suspend all
foreclosure proceedings while the SFP was in effect, and yet they illegally continued a
pre-existing foreclosure proceeding by issuing a Notice of Sale on February 21, 2012,
even though the lender was still considering the loan modification pursuant to the SFP’s
terms and the agreement had not otherwise been terminated.
175. Wells violated their promise to suspend foreclosure proceedings when they
elected to file the February 21, 2012 Notice of Sale.

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176. Essentially, Defendants promised they would not dual track the Plaintiffs
while the loan modification was being considered, but they did not stop the existing
foreclosure process, did not refrain from proceeding with a new notice of sale until after
termination of the SFP, and most deleteriously, removed any chance the borrowers
could recoup some or all of their equity by trapping them into a surprise foreclosure sale
that occurred just three days after they declined a loan modification on any terms.
177. The lender could have terminated in its discretion at a given time during
the SFP or it could have terminated after the payments were completed and a
modification decision made. In this case, Wells did not actually terminate until it
decided not to offer Plaintiffs a loan modification on or about April 9, 2012 and then,
and only then, was it allowed to resume any form of foreclosure activity.
178. Wells did not intend to honor their promise made in the SFP, as evidenced
by their violation of that promise in February, 2012 in filing the NoS.
179. Wells’ intention not to honor its promise is further evidenced by the fact
that, on information and belief, Wells made and broke thousands of these promises and
routinely took foreclosure steps before the SFP’s were terminated.
180. Wells’ intentions are further evidenced by the Reyes case, where Wells
foreclosed on the borrowers’ property before the SFP’s payment terms were completed
and then collected payments after it. In Reyes, it continued with the pre-existing
foreclosure process as if it had not made any promises at all, by continuing to accept
payments under the SFP while advancing the foreclosure process, and in fact
completing it, in the same period the borrowers continued to make payments and thus
by definition before termination.
181. The many oral representations made by Wells that compliance with the
SFP meant Plaintiffs were out of danger of foreclosure also reinforces the view that the
lender could not continue foreclosure proceedings while the SFP was in effect and that
its betrayal of these promises was wrongful.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
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182. Wells intended that the Miramontes rely on this promise by continuously
assuring the borrowers that they were out of foreclosure danger; by obtaining payments
under the SFP that were greater than the usual payments; by other assurances that the
modification was forthcoming and no harm would come to them in this regard while
they recalculated the terms; and by putting the promises in writing.
183. Plaintiffs relied on these various representations, including the one forming
the premise of this cause of action, by virtue of their decision not to take any further
precautionary action in this period, on the belief that they were safe from foreclosure.
184. Wells did not honor their promise; they continued the existing foreclosure
proceeding instead of waiting to resume until after they terminated the SFP whenthey
finally denied Plaintiffs any loan modification on April 9, 2012.
185. Any notice of sale required at least 15 days before the actual sale itself
could occur.
186. As 15 days would have been sufficient time for the first bidder to perfect
his qualification paperwork, and/or make a deal with the Miramontes to save the
property in some other fashion or cash out the equity, Miramontes was damaged by the
lender’s failure to honor its promise, as the filing of a new notice of sale on or after
April 9, 2012 would have precluded a sale as early as April 12, 2012.
187. Plaintiffs were damaged by this inaccurate representation, as the short
period from April 9, 2012 when they learned of the adverse modification decision, to
the April 12, 2012 sale date, prevented any alternate bidder from increasing the ultimate
price at the foreclosure sale and prevented the borrowers from taking steps to save their
equity by other means in the interim.
188. Had the promise not to continue foreclosure activity been accompanied by
no other evidence, one might conclude this was just breach of the SFP agreement. But
because Wells made multitudinous contrary oral assurances to the borrowers and then
stung them with the three-day sale, its conduct rises to the level of a tort.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
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VII.
SEVENTH CAUSE OF ACTION
PROMISSORY ESTOPPEL
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
189. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-119 and 184-206 as if fully set forth
herein. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of
action.
190. This cause of action is also based on this language: “if your loan is in
foreclosure, we will instruct our foreclosure counsel to suspend proceedings once the
initial installment has been received, and to continue to suspend the action as long as
you keep to the terms of the agreement.”
191. The lender had no right to hold a foreclosure sale without refiling another
notice of sale, once the loan modification had been declined.
192. Based on the referenced allegations, the foreclosure of the Kinnard
property was illegal under the SFP contract, as Wells violated its promise to suspend
foreclosure proceedings while the SFP was in effect.
193. Although Plaintiffs believe there was consideration for the SFP, such that
it is an enforceable contract in its own right, they make room for the possibility that the
additional payments and the detailed financial disclosures tendered in support of the
loan modification application may not be deemed enough additional or different
consideration to merit contractual enforcement. If consideration fails, then this cause of
action is brought in the alternative.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE – PAGE 32
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VIII.
EIGHTH CAUSE OF ACTION
ROSENTHAL ACT
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
194. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101, 145-150 and 166-188 as if fully
set forth herein. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this
cause of action.
195. This cause of action is based on the same language as CoA’s 5-7 in the
SFP: “if your loan is in foreclosure, we will instruct our foreclosure counsel to suspend
proceedings once the initial installment has been received, and to continue to suspend
the action as long as you keep to the terms of the agreement.” This statement was false
and misleading under the Act.
196. The Miramontes couple relied on the agreement by not taking any other
precautionary action with respect to the property while the modification was pending,
particularly since Mr. Miramontes had a well-documented willingness to take action
attempting to save the property and there were potential options available to protect the
equity relating to possible deals with other parties interested in the property, as reflected
by Exhibit H.
197. Plaintiffs were damaged by their reliance in that they were unable to take
any equity-saving measures in the 3-day interval between notification of the adverse
modification decision and the April 12, 2012 sale, which caused them a complete loss
of their equity.

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MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE – PAGE 33
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IX.
NINTH CAUSE OF ACTION
BREACH OF IMPLIED COVENANT OF GOOD FAITH AND FAIR DEALING
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
198. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101 and 271-305 as if fully set forth
herein. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of
action.
199. This cause of action is a conditional cause of action, alleged in the event
that Wells takes the position that the SFP was an illusory and thus unenforceable
contract. This would potentially negate the causes of action based on the SFP being a
contractual document.
200. Defendants may argue that the SFP is illusory and unenforceable on the
basis that it afforded them the unilateral and discretionary right to withdraw from the
contract. However, if they take that position, then Plaintiffs assert this cause of action
claiming that they violated the original contract’s (the deed and note, respectively)
implied covenants of good faith and fair dealing by interposing an illusory and
unenforceable SFP.
201. Plaintiffs were damaged by such action in complying with it, by relying on
the lender’s promises within it to only foreclose under its terms and conditions.
202. A number of those terms set up expectations that any foreclosure would
require either a new Notice of Default, or at least a new Notice of Sale, and this would
give the borrowers enough time to protect their equity via several possible means.
203. Because the lender instead foreclosed on just 3 days’ notice, they sustained
a total loss of their equity.
204. Similarly, if Defendants take the position that they unilaterally terminated
the SFP agreement substantially earlier than April 9, 2012 but withheld notification to
Miramontes of this fact until April 9, 2012, then Plaintiffs allege this cause of action.

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205. In a contract, neither party shall do anything which will have the effect of
destroying or injuring the right of the other party to receive the fruits of the contract. If
the lender withheld notice that it was terminating the contract substantially earlier than
April 9, 2012, then an inference can be drawn that it was trying to prevent Miramontes
from being alerted that the modification was not forthcoming in time to take precautions
to save his equity, in violation of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, by
jamming a foreclosure sale through on short notice.
X.
TENTH CAUSE OF ACTION
WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities,
Cal-Western, and Cadman)
206. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101 and 271-305 as if fully set forth
herein.
207. Apart from the above violations of the SFP that caused the property to be
wrongfully put up for sale via foreclosure on April 12, 2012, there are two additional
and independent reasons the April 12, 2012 sale date was illegal and these two reasons
form the basis upon which Plaintiffs plead this cause of action.
208. If the April 12, 2012 sale date was illegal, and should have been delayed,
then Plaintiffs were self-evidently damaged despite the fact that the first bidder was not
qualified to purchase on April 12, 2012.
Violation 1 – Improper Notice
209. The notice requirements under Civil Code Section 2924 were disregarded
as to the borrower and a violation of these requirements makes a foreclosure sale date
illegal. This is to be distinguished from invalidating (or voiding) the sale. The statute
does not void the sale in this circumstance, but it was still an illegal sale for purposes of
analyzing a borrower’s damage cause of action.

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210. After repeated attempts, Miramontes was able to get a postponement of the
March 13, 2012 sale date.
211. When a postponement occurs, the notice requirements under section 2924g
must be met. Based on section 2924g, subdivision (d), a notice of each postponement
must be given by public declaration by the trustee at the time and place last appointed
for sale with the new date and time provided.
212. On information and belief, the new date and time was not given by public
declaration at the March 13, 2012 sale appearance.
213. In addition to the general public declaration, under section 2924,
subdivision (a)(5), if the sale is to be postponed for a period of ten business days or
more, which here it was, pursuant to Section 2924g, the lender must provide written
notice to the borrower regarding the new sale date and time, within five business days
following the postponement.
214. Here, written notice had to be circulated to the borrower by March 18,
2012. No such written notice was provided to Plaintiffs.
215. Miramontes was told over the telephone after the March 13, 2012
postponement that he was not going to receive a written notice about the new sale
date.
216. Additionally, he was informed that they didn’t need to notify him about the
postponed date. (That was the law prior to 2011, but as of January 1, 2011, notice of a
postponed sale was required to be in writing and circulated within five days of the
continued date.)
217. On information and belief, this notice violation against the borrowers
resulted in delayed notice to the first bidder, which caused the first bidder not to have
timely secured a cashier’s check to bid on the property. Thus, although he appeared, he
did not have enough time in light of the notice violation to appear as a qualified bidder.

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Violation 2 – Trustee Misrepresentation
218. The foreclosure trustee falsely told the first bidder that the sale was being
continued to another date, and after that bidder left, the trustee then proceeded to permit
the sale to go forward with only one other bidder present, who bought it for the amount
of the debt, well under its appraised value, as reflected by the detail in Exhibit H.
219. Trustees are held to a standard of scrupulous integrity. Under this
standard, if a trustee informs an interested party that the sale is being postponed, the
sale must be postponed.
220. Consequently, the sale procedure was not conducted in a fair, competitive
bidding environment and it was wrongful for this reason as well. It was required by law
to be continued to another date, pursuant to the representation of the trustee.
Damages Analysis
221. Under either violation, the foreclosure sale was required to be delayed, and
the existence of an alternate, interested buyer therefore precludes a finding that damages
are speculative.
222. The law governing the requirement of a ready, able and willing buyer does
not mean that this buyer must always be qualified to bid at the illegal foreclosure sale
in question. A close reading of FPCI (1989) 207 Cal.App.3d 1018 and South Bay (1999) 72
Cal.App.4th 1111 reveal compliance with the greater principle that damages cannot be
speculative, and in this context, if there is no reason to think that a correct foreclosure
sale would result in a different outcome by evidence of an alternate buyer, damages are
speculative. Yet, these cases do not foreclose a plaintiff from producing evidence that
an interested buyer was available, and but for the wrongful conduct, would have been
the kind of qualified, ready, willing and able buyer that establishes non-speculative
damages.
223. It is clear that this alternate buyer, but for the illegal conduct, would have
been qualified. If Wells had not committed the wrongful act of not providing timely
notice to Plaintiffs – in other words, if the Miramontes had been given timely notice on

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March 18, 2012, the alternate buyer would have learned of the sale earlier than April
11, 2012. Under either scenario, he would have been qualified: “Although I was pre-
approved by [the junior lender], I did not have a check on my person for purchase. This
was because [that lender] learned of the property auction the evening of April 11, 2012
and did not have time to get the check to me prior to the 9:00 AM PST, April 12, 2012
auction.” Haywood’s declaration suggests that if he had gotten notice even one day
earlier, he would have been a qualified bidder. (See Exhibit H.)
224. With respect to the theory of misrepresentation by the trustee, damages are
analyzed by removing the wrongful act from the equation. The wrongful act under this
theory is the trustee’s decision to go forward with the sale on April 12, 2012. It was
wrongful because he had represented to a potential buyer that the sale date was being
continued. If the wrongful act is removed – going forward with the April 12 sale – then
the outcome is determined by looking at what would have happened without it – at a
continued sale date. At a continued sale, the alternate bidder would have been
qualified.
225. In this Court’s demurrer ruling, it observed that the alternate bidder did
appear at the April 12, 2012 foreclosure sale. Therefore, it ruled in favor of Wells by
concluding that any violation was not prejudicial. But that analysis fails to recognize
that the alternate buyer was unprepared to bid, despite showing up, because he only
received notice the night before the sale. Thus, in a real way, the delay in notification
to the borrowers created a derivative situation where the alternate buyer did not timely
receive word and was unable to have his foreclosure agent become a perfected bidder
on short notice. In the alternative misrepresentation scenario, the sale would have been
continued and the alternate bidder would have also been qualified at that time.
226. Thus, damages are not speculative given two realities in this case: that the
notice provisions required earlier notice to the Miramontes to allow for word to spread
of the April 12, 2012 foreclosure sale to other bidders, and also required the trustee to

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honor his representation to delay it, such that the alternate buyer would have been
qualified to bid had he had a few more days to perfect his qualification at a later sale.
XI.
ELEVENTH CAUSE OF ACTION
BREACH OF CONTRACT
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
227. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101 and 271-305, as if fully set forth
herein. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of
action.
228. The governing contract between Plaintiffs and Wells, the 2006 Deed of
Trust, states in paragraph 22, “After the time required by Applicable Law, Trustee,
without demand on Borrower, shall sell the Property at public auction to the highest
bidder at the time and place and under the terms designated in the notice of sale in one
or more parcels and in any order Trustee determines…. .” [Emphasis added]. Thus, by
the plain language of this provision, the terms of the Notice of Sale were incorporated
as part of the parties’ Deed of Trust contract.
229. The Notice of Sale at issue in this case, filed on or about February 21, 2012
and attached hereto as Exhibit F, states in pertinent part that “[y]ou are in default under
a deed of trust, dated September 15, 2006. Unless you take action to protect your
property, it may be sold at a public sale.” [Emphasis added.]
230. The phrase “unless you take action,” and particularly the meaning of the
term “take action,” is not specifically defined. It is neither restricted nor limited in
terms of its scope. Under this undefined term, and according to plain and common
usage, Plaintiffs took action to protect their property – before the NoS was filed, they
were in good standing with Wells’ Special Forbearance Plan agreement; they had made
the SFP payments as requested; they honored Wells’ additional request to withhold the

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payments; and they had nearly completed a protracted due diligence journey to reach a
long-term loan modification and save their property.
231. The Deed of Trust at paragraph 22 may speak to the “action” necessary to
satisfy the “taking action” reference in the Notice of Sale, as it refers the issue to the
Notice of Default. (Exhibit A, ¶ 22.) The Notice of Default, a representative example
in this case included hereto as Exhibit E, contemplates the borrower “paying all of your
past due payments plus permitted costs and expenses within the time permitted by law
for reinstatement of your account.”
232. However, the Notice of Default also states: “you and your beneficiary or
mortgagee may mutually agree in writing prior to the time the notice of sale is posted
(which may not be earlier than the end of the three-month period stated above) to,
among other things, (1) provide additional time in which to cure the default by transfer
of the property or otherwise; or (2) establish a schedule of payments in order to cure
your default; or both (1) and (2).” (Exhibit E.)
233. By virtue of the Special Forbearance Plan in January, 2011, which
modified the borrower’s payment schedule, the Miramontes and the lender did establish
a schedule of payments within the meaning of the language of the Notice of Default.
234. Thus, Plaintiffs did “take action to protect their property,” pursuant to the
express permissive language of the Notice of Sale, incorporated into paragraph 22 of
the Deed of Trust as an enforceable promise between the parties, and as the term is
understood by reference to the Deed of Trust and the Notice of Default.
235. Accordingly, the property could not be sold by virtue of the operation of
these provisions while the SFP was in effect.
236. Given that Plaintiffs had taken action to protect their property and
complied with the Notice of Sale, satisfaction of the language in the Notice of Sale
precluded Wells from foreclosing based on that filing, as that was effectively breach of
paragraph 22 of the Deed of Trust.

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237. It is no defense for Wells to establish that Plaintiffs were behind on the
original mortgage payments, and therefore did not perform under the Deed of Trust, for
the contract anticipated the possibility of default and established contractual rights and
options for both parties to enforce in the event that the loan was in default.
238. A borrower’s noncompliance with the payment provisions of a loan
contract does not render the balance of the contract a nullity, such that the lender can
take any action it pleases; both parties are still governed by the contract terms that speak
to their rights under a loan in default, and in this case, the parties had specific language
in the contractual machinery to address such defaults and overcome them.
239. In other provisions of the Deed, such as paragraph 19, a reinstatement of
the loan was dependent on full payment of all outstanding fees and charges. However,
in paragraph 22, as long as Plaintiffs “took action” to protect the property, and in this
context taking the action of complying with the SFP, they were in compliance with the
contract.
240. Defendants could therefore not foreclose on the property unless they
established that Plaintiffs were out of compliance with the January, 2011 SFP (or it was
terminated by Wells), and at all times Plaintiffs complied with this, in particular, by
eventually withholding the payments at Wells’ specific request.
241. Because Wells reserved the right in the SFP to terminate it, and it did end
it when it denied the loan modification on April 9, 2012, Wells was free to record a new
Notice of Sale after April 9, 2012. But as the Notice of Sale in question was recorded
during the period during which the SFP was in effect, its “taking action” language was
satisfied. Therefore, Wells could not foreclose based on this NoS filing.
242. As Plaintiffs were in compliance with the Special Forbearance Plan as of
the February 21, 2012 Notice of Sale, Plaintiffs were in compliance with paragraph 22
of the Deed of Trust as of that time. The disclaimer language in the SFP “this
Agreement shall not constitute a waiver of the lender’s right to insist upon strict
performance in the future” does not impact the legal analysis. The lender reserved the

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right to strict performance “in the future.” After the SFP was terminated (aka “in the
future”), Wells could have issued a Notice of Sale stating that the borrower must “take
action” strictly in accordance with the Deed and Note by paying the outstanding
amounts due. No other form of “taking action” would be sufficient under the Deed and
Note. That is what this disclaimer permitted. It does not change the fact that the
February 21, 2012 Notice of Sale – which was clearly before termination of the SFP –
permitted a broad range of action, unrestricted by what might be required in a post-SFP
situation.
243. Wells therefore breached the Deed of Trust contract when they foreclosed
based on the February 21, 2012 Notice of Sale, and this caused Plaintiffs damage inthe
loss of their property.
XII.
TWELFTH CAUSE OF ACTION
NEGLIGENCE
(Against HSBC entities, Wells Fargo Entities
and Cal-Western)
244. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101 and 271-305, as if fully set forth
herein. Mention of “Wells” shall refer to all parties listed as a defendant in this cause of
action.
245. Wells had a duty to Plaintiffs, as a lender who undertook to modify their
loan pursuant to the SFP.
246. Having undertaken a duty, Wells were required to perform its loan
modification analysis competently.
247. To perform the loan modification process competently and within the
standard of care for such exercises, Wells was obligated to complete the loan
modification process sufficiently in advance of any foreclosure sale date so as not to
prejudice the borrowers in the event the modification decision was adverse.

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248. In this case, and as discussed above, Wells made numerous oral
representations that the loan modification process would result in a modification; they
informed the borrowers that they were out of foreclosure and not to worry; they
instructed the borrowers to withhold their payments, an unusual action telegraphing that
the issue was not whether to modify but what the terms would be; they informed the
borrowers that they were not going to lose their property; they told Plaintiffs that Wells
was not in the business of stealing people’s homes; they told Plaintiffs that the lender
wanted to work with them to modify the loan; and they told Plaintiffs that there would
be no more foreclosure sale dates.
249. These representations, made in conjunction with the loan modification
process through which Wells required an arduous and protracted production of personal
financial information from the borrowers for the lender’s evaluation, precluded Wells
from conducting it so slowly and timed so incompetently, as to only render a decision
three days before the April 12, 2012 foreclosure sale date.
250. Because the final decision was rendered so slowly as to bump against the
date set for an unnoticed foreclosure sale, Wells’ loan modification conduct fell below
the standard of care for a reasonable lender.
251. Because it was timed for a decision that resulted in only three days’ notice
before the April 12, 2012 foreclosure sale, it was conducted negligently for this further
reason.
252. Because the loan modification decision came immediately before the
foreclosure sale, the borrowers were caught flatfooted and were unable to take steps to
save the equity in their property.
253. Plaintiffs were damaged by the complete loss of their equity.

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XIII.
THIRTEENTH CAUSE OF ACTION
CONSPIRACY
(Against Defendants Lippincort and JEM)
254. Plaintiffs incorporate paragraphs 1-101 and 271-305, as if fully set forth
herein.
255. The Wells Fargo defendants committed wrongful foreclosure against the
Miramontes couple by generally dual tracking them, as detailed above.
256. However, at the foreclosure sale itself, the Wells Fargo defendants
committed a second wrong by not conducting a competitive auction with respect to the
Kinnard property. They conspired – agreed – with Defendant JEM, and its principal
Lippincort, to subvert the competitive bidding process by eliminating another buyer and
effecting a foreclosure at a lower price than if the property had been sold in a fair
auction with both or multiple buyers present.
257. On information and belief, Defendants JEM and Lippincort had knowledge
of, and agreed to, the objective of the conspiracy to eliminate one of the buyers at the
foreclosure sale, as there were private discussions with the foreclosure trustee and JEM
as observed by a witness.
258. On information and belief, Defendants JEM and Lippincort had knowledge
of and agreed to this course of action – the one-buyer foreclosure sale – that resulted in
the complete loss of the Miramontes’ equity and a quick six-figure profit for JEM and
Lippincort only nine months later.
259. The wrongful act of holding a non-competitive auction was committed
pursuant to the agreement by JEM and Lippincort with the foreclosure trustee.
260. Because there was an unlawful agreement between the foreclosure trustee
and the JEM buyer, JEM and Lippincort are additionally liable for the foreclosure
trustee’s wrongful foreclosure auction, which resulted in wiping out the Miramontes
couple’s equity.

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ATTORNEY’S FEES
261. Attorney’s fees are allowed by law, pursuant to a specific statute or as an
agreement in a contract. Attorney’s fees are allowed by statute under the Rosenthal
Act, and are provided for in the Note and Deed of Trust, which the SFP incorporates
and modifies.
262. In this case, the Deed attached as Exhibit A contains a fee-shifting clause
in paragraph 22 for efforts relating to default and foreclosure by stating: “Lender shall
be entitled to collect all expenses incurred in pursuing the remedies provided in this
Section 22, including, but not limited to, reasonable attorney’s fees and costs of title
evidence.”
263. Similarly, in paragraph 7(e) of the Promissory Note (Exhibit B), “If the
Note Holder has required me to pay immediately in full as described above, the Note
Holder will have the right to be paid back by me for all of its costs and expenses in
enforcing this Note to the extent not prohibited by applicable law. Those expenses
include, for example, reasonable attorneys’ fees.”
264. As a matter of state law, such unilateral fee shifting clauses are deemed to
be reciprocal.
265. The SFP is by definition a modification, albeit in some cases a temporary
one, to the Note and Deed. It explicitly references the Deed and Note stating that they
are still in effect, “except as herein provided.” (Exhibit C, p. 3, ¶ 4.)
266. Several California courts have recognized that a forbearance agreement
modifies the underlying note and deed. (Rijhwani v. Wells Fargo, 2014 WL 890016,
*13, Civ. No. C 13-05881 LB (N.D.Cal. March 3, 2014); Chanthavong v. Aurora, 2011
WL 6012353, *7, Civ. No. 2:10–cv–2269–GEB–JFM, *7 (E.D.Cal.Dec. 1, 2011)). In
addition, there is a Wells Fargo case where the SFP expressly disclaims that it is a
modification to the note and deed, but the Miramontes SFP did not contain that
language. (See Blades v. Wells Fargo, 2012 WL 2885133, *2, Civ. No. 2:11-CV-01389-
KJD (D.Nev., July 12, 2012).)

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267. The SFP requires payments that must be credited toward the debt created
by the Note and Deed.
268. The payments under the SFP are prefatory to a possible modification of the
loan terms under the Note and Deed, and which would result in a permanent adjustment
to the payment provisions therein.
269. If the SFP’s four payment terms were not honored by Plaintiffs, Wells
warned that foreclosure may occur, which in turn may result in “additional attorney’s
fees and costs” thus making the unilateral fee shifting created by the Note and Deed
applicable to breach of the SFP agreement.
270. If the SFP is a modification to the Note and Deed, and it is, then it is
necessarily part of a single contract for purposes of recovering attorney’s fees.
PUNITIVE DAMAGES
271. Plaintiffs seek punitive damages, based on fraud, malice and oppression, as
reflected by the allegations contained herein and a bulk of other evidence relevant to
punitive damages as set forth herein.
Instant Case
272. Plaintiffs have cited numerous factual allegations that Wells deliberately
and fraudulently induced Plaintiffs to make additional, increased payments on their
mortgage, falsely assured them that they were out of foreclosure danger, and indicated
that the loan modification was being processed and only the final terms were uncertain.
A volume of detail supports Miramontes’allegations of oppressive, fraudulent conduct
by Wells and the other defendants, including names, dates, and many other specifics
detailed herein. See, e.g., paragraph 66, supra.
273. Wells made a habit of foreclosing prematurely, without telling its
borrowers, as it did in the Reyes case. Such conduct is a subversion of its good-faith
duties under contract law. Wells records the necessary foreclosure notices, but then
behaves as if everything is fine by working with the borrower toward a loan
modification, and then stings the borrower with a surprise foreclosure: no notice and no

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cooperation is afforded to maximize the sale price, resulting in the borrowers’ equity
being wiped out.
274. This conduct was despicable and subjected the instant borrowers to cruel
and unjust hardship in conscious disregard of their rights.
275. Defendants’ conduct is permeated in this case with intentional
misrepresentation, deceit of all sorts and kinds, concealment of material facts, and
predatory behavior.
276. Wells’ agents are accused of rigging a foreclosure sale – a serious charge –
with a body of evidence supporting that claim. If the allegations of a conspiracy with
the winning buyer at the foreclosure sale are validated, a conspiracy to eliminate a
bidder from a nonjudicial foreclosure sale is grounds for punitive damages.
277. In addition, Wells utilizes lawyers against borrowers as mentioned in an
industry report (authored by CRC, identified below): “It has been my unfortunate
experience to witness Wells Fargo foreclose senior after senior. Wells refuses to work
with seniors to try to keep them in their homes. If the senior hires an attorney to try and
stop the foreclosure, Wells Fargo hires high priced law firms to try and crush the senior
homeowner with unnecessary motions and discovery. The law firms hired by Wells
rack up their fees by hundreds of thousands of dollars and then tack that amount onto
the senior’s loan. Wells targeted seniors to refinance their loans and pull out their equity
and now they are targeting seniors to remove them from their homes. It has been my
experience that senior homeowners fear Wells Fargo more than they fear cancer or liver
failure. I guess you can treat cancer and liver failure but a Wells Fargo foreclosure is
always terminal.”
April, 2011
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
Enforcement Action against Wells Fargo
278. In April, 2011, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency announced an
enforcement action against major US banks including Wells Fargo. Entered as a

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“Consent Order” on March 31, 2011 and signed by Wells’ CEO John Stumpf, Wells
“neither admitted nor denied” the following allegations, as relevant to this case:
(a) that it serviced 8,900,000 residential mortgages;
(b) that it failed to devote sufficient financial, staffing and managerial
resources to ensure proper administration of its foreclosure processes to
these 8.9M mortgages; and
(c) that it failed to devote to its foreclosure processes adequate
oversight, internal controls, policies, and procedures, compliance risk
management, internal audit, third party management, and training.
279. Wells essentially acknowledged that as a result, it engaged in unsafe and
unsound banking practices across these many mortgages.
Reyes v. Wells Fargo Case
280. Reyes dealt with about 9,000 borrowers who were offered the same or
similar “Special Forbearance Plans” as the agreement offered to Plaintiffs. The case was
settled after Wells’ pleading challenges did not eliminate Rosenthal and UCL claims.
The district court in Reyes concluded that the “statement [in the SFP] that foreclosure
counsel would be instructed to delay foreclosure proceedings as long as the recipients
made timely payments under the Agreement” was problematic enough for a trier-of-fact
to potentially find that Wells made false, deceptive or misleading statements to these
9,000 class members. This is one of the central allegations raised by Miramontes in this
case – that Wells promised to suspend foreclosure proceedings but did not actually
honor that promise and indeed had no such intent. Wells settled Reyes on this same
basis. This quantum of misconduct allows for an inference that it is, or was, Wells’
practice and/or policy to foreclose on borrowers in violation of its SFP agreements.

March 2012
USA & 50 States v. Wells Fargo, et al.
281. One month before the foreclosure sale in the Miramontes case, on March
12, 2012, the United States along with 50 states’ attorneys general sued the major US

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banks including Wells Fargo, in District of Columbia Case No. 1:12-cv-00361-RMC.
The complaint alleged, as relevant here, that Wells was guilty of:
(a) failing to adequately train staff responsible for loan modification;
(b) allowing borrowers to stay in trial modification for excessive periods
of time:
(c) wrongfully denying modification applications;
(d) providing false or misleading information to consumers while
referring loans to foreclosure during the loan modification
application process;
(e) providing false or misleading information to consumers while
initiating foreclosures where the borrower was in good faith actively
pursuing a loss mitigation alternative offered by Wells;
(f) providing false or misleading information to consumers while
scheduling and conducting foreclosure sales during the loan
application process and during trial loan modification periods;
(g) misrepresenting to borrowers that loss mitigation programs would
provide relief from the initiation of foreclosure or further foreclosure
efforts;
(h) failing to provide accurate and timely information to borrowers who
are in need of, and eligible for, loss mitigation services, including
loan modifications;
(i) miscalculating borrowers’ eligibility for loan modification programs
and improperly denying loan modification relief to eligible
borrowers;
(j) misleading borrowers by representing that loan modification
applications will be handled promptly when Wells regularly fails to
act on loan modifications in a timely manner;

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(k) failing to properly process borrowers’ applications for loan
modifications, including failing to account for documents submitted
by borrowers and failing to respond to borrowers’ reasonable
requests for information and assistance;
(l) failing to assign adequate staff resources with sufficient training to
handle the demand from distressed borrowers;
(m) misleading borrowers by providing false or deceptive reasons for
denial of loan modifications; and
(n) inappropriately dual-tracking foreclosure and loan modification
activities, and failing to communicate with borrowers with respect to
foreclosure activities.
282. Wells settled that suit in a simultaneous Consent Judgment for $1 billion in
cash, along with about $4.3 billion in other forms of loan relief, as well as promises
formalized in court orders that it would treat Wells Fargo customers better during the
loan modification process.
283. The Consent Judgment was signed by Michael Heid, Wells Fargo &
Company and Wells Fargo Bank, N.A’s Executive Vice President.
284. In the Consent Judgment, Wells was supposed to avoid dual tracking its
borrowers, it was supposed to not proceed with foreclosure while a borrower was in
compliance with a forbearance agreement, and it was obligated to give notice of
continued foreclosure sale dates in writing to the borrower. Yet, despite having just
been fined $1B, it honored none of these commitments with respect to the Miramontes
foreclosure that occurred the very next month.
Wells Fargo Foreclosure “Fraud Manual
285. In March, 2012, it became apparent that Wells Fargo, faced with
deficiencies in the chain of title for underlying mortgage documentation, created a
manual that allowed it to concoct those missing documents.

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286. Known as “ta-da” endorsements (aka “allonges”), Wells essentially
admitted that it fabricates mortgage assignments in the present to smooth over ones
missing from years past.
287. Its 150-page internal manual revealed procedures for Wells to manufacture
these assignments as, at a time when Wells tormented borrowers for missing
documentation in support of their loan applications.
Christopher Dollens Case
288. In February, 2014, a Nevada state court made findings about how Wells
Fargo handled a foreclosure of a borrower, who had purchased insurance against the
risk of his untimely death.
289. Instead of the life insurance solving the mortgage default that naturally
occurred when the borrower died, which was its whole purpose, the trial court found
that:
(a) Wells’ actions were designed to increase its profits without regard for the
Decedent or his family, and were in conscious disregard to its legal
obligations to the decedent borrower;
(b) During the pendency of the litigation, and at trial, Wells used its computer-
driven systems as an excuse for its wrongful misconduct. However, its
misconduct was systematic and not the result of isolated errors.
(c) Wells had previously been assessed with significant punitive
damages or fines for improper behavior similar to the conduct that
occurred in this case.
(d) Wells had not changed its behavior as a result of any prior sanction or
punitive damage award.
(e) The type of conduct exhibited by Wells in this case had happened
repeatedly across the country.

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Syzmoniak Litigation
290. In 2010, Lynn Syzmoniak sued Wells Fargo for fabricating mortgage
documentation, commonly known as the “robo-signing” scandal.
291. Essentially, in order to comply with certain securitization procedures that
require an assignment of the mortgage to a trust that acts as the securitization vehicle,
an officer of a given lending entity, often using Wells Fargo as a servicer, was required
to sign off on that assignment.
292. However, these assignments were often forgeries, signed off by persons
that were not officers of the company lending the money. For example, in Georgia, a
company named “Doc-X” prepared mortgage assignments for Wells, acting as either a
lender or servicer. Doc-X’s employee, Linda Green, signed off as an officer (“vice-
president”) of 18 different entities purporting to assign a given mortgage into the
applicable trust. Green was not an officer of any of the 18 lending entities.
293. As such, Wells was essentially involved in a large scale forgery exercise in
which the mortgage-backed securities that it prepared for sale to Wall Street investors
were not legally backed by the actual mortgages.
“Wells Fargo Mortgage Modification is a Scam” Website
294. Wells’ loan modification misconduct is documented by a 214-page website
capture from www.wellsfargomortgagemodscam.com and consistently captioned by the
phrase, “Wells Fargo Loan Modification is a Scam.” The website amounts to an
encyclopedia of borrower mistreatement committed by Wells in relation to its
foreclosure and loan modification practices from the past decade.
295. A sample of the allegations:
(a) “Special Forbearance plans and Trial Modifications are just Wells
Fargo’s stalling tactics, requiring loan mod. applicants to pay in
money that generally isn’t applied to your mortgage … [t]his is just a
load of BS … If you are offered a ‘special forbearance,’ that doesn’t
get you any closer to a loan mod.”

__________________________________________________________________________________
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE – PAGE 52
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(b) “What Wells Fargo (and the other big banks) really intend[] here is
just to make a few more dollars off these people who are already in
financial difficulty and then dump them into foreclosure when it’s
convenient for the bank to take the loss on their books.”
(c) “If you’re going to survive [Wells’] mortgage modification review
process, you’d better resign yourself to two things right off: you’re
going to be lied to and you’re going to have to do some (or a whole
lot of) research to expose those lies.”
(d) The website goes on with videos, anecdotal accounts, sworn
testimony, and other factual detail, including public statements by
leaders (as defined in Civil Code § 3294(b)), to support its charges.
This evidence supports inferences that Wells’ byzantine loan
modification process was designed to trip customers up, by
structural design at the highest levels. For example: “If the system
is set up so you talk to a different person every time you call in,
there is no way any one representative can know anything about
your review.” The website identifies specific persons and provides
detail of large-scale misconduct couched in contrarian, Orwellian
language. Plaintiff-borrowers armed with far less information have
been permitted to pursue punitive damages in comparable cases.
(See, e.g., Shaterian v. Wells Fargo (N.D.Cal.2011) 829 F.Supp.2d
873, 888-889.)

Other Wells Policies and Practices
296. Wells appears to have been systematically sending out SFP offers without
regard to whether the borrowers had any realistic chance of obtaining a loan
modification, also reflected in Reyes, which allowed them to collect additional
payments – by basically bleeding out the dreams of borrowers hoping to save their
homes.

__________________________________________________________________________________
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE – PAGE 53
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297. Wells is incentivised to require borrowers to submit multiple loan
modification applications, as on information and belief, they are compensated as a
servicer for each time this occurs.
298. After the USA case Consent Judgment, an advocacy group named the
California Reinvestment Coalition (CRC) published a study in April, 2013 reporting the
findings from a survey of 84 counselors and legal service advocates. Among its major
findings was that Wells Fargo still engaged in dual tracking. Even though it was by that
time outlawed in the state of California, Wells still failed to stop the foreclosure process
while borrowers were negotiating in good faith for a loan modification. Over 60% of
counselors reported that Wells still dual tracked “sometimes,” “often,” or “always.”
299. In addition, Wells Fargo performed the worst of all banks, with over a third
of all responding counselors saying Wells denied seemingly qualified borrowers
“always” or “almost always.”
300. Wells was also cited 30% of the time as not providing a satisfactory
explanation for denying a loan modification application.
301. In the same survey, Wells Fargo was also reported to be the single worst
servicer at keeping borrowers in their home:
.
302. In light of the magnitude of Wells’ misconduct in this arena, which caused
thousands upon thousands of people to be harmed, lied to, scammed, cheated and

__________________________________________________________________________________
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE – PAGE 54
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destabilized, Wells Fargo’s behavior can be described as systematically intended to
cause serious injury to its borrowers.
303. The overall misconduct by all Defendants can also be characterized as
despicable, and carried on by them with a willful and conscious disregard of borrower
rights.
304. For these reasons, Plaintiffs seeks punitive damages to punish and deter
these lending entities from committing such brazen, pervasive, massive, unforgivable,
national harm to the citizens, homeowners, and good people of the United States.
DEMAND FOR JURY
305. Plaintiffs hereby demand trial by jury.
PRAYER FOR RELIEF
Wherefore, Plaintiffs seek damages for the following:
(i) compensatory damages according to proof at trial, including but not
limited to economic and non-economic damages, such as the lost equity, investment,
grief, hassle, and distress imposed on the Miramontes couple;
(ii) punitive damages permissible by law;
(iii) costs of suit;
(iv) interest;
(v) attorneys’ fees; and
(vi) such other relief as the Court deems just and proper.

Date: September 3, 2015 PAVONE & FONNER, LLP

Kimberley A. Fonner, Esq.
Attorneys for Plaintiffs

EXHIBIT A
Exhibit 2
Page 22
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 8 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 23
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 9 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 24
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 10 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 25
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 11 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 26
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 12 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 27
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 13 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 28
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 14 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 29
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 15 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 30
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 16 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 31
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 17 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 32
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 18 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 33
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 19 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 34
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 20 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 35
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 21 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 36
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 22 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 37
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 23 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 38
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 24 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 39
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 25 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 40
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 26 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 41
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 27 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 42
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 28 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 43
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 29 of 42
Exhibit 2
Page 44
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 30 of 42

EXHIBIT B
Exhibit 1
Page 15
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 1 of 42
Exhibit 1
Page 16
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 2 of 42
Exhibit 1
Page 17
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 3 of 42
Exhibit 1
Page 18
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 4 of 42
Exhibit 1
Page 19
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 5 of 42
Exhibit 1
Page 20
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 6 of 42
Exhibit 1
Page 21
Case 2:10-bk-57799-ER Doc 11-1 Filed 11/24/10 Entered 11/24/10 13:49:56 Desc
Exhibit (s) 1 – 8 Page 7 of 42

EXHIBIT C
AMERICA’S SERVICING CO.
RETURN MAIL OPERATIONS
PO BOX 10388
DES MOINES IA 50306-0388
01/27/11
•11l•ll•'”‘l’l1″”l1•11l·’1l•ll1•••l1•111•l1ll1″h’··1lul•11•
1MB 019431001943/0032400008 3AGNRll LM004106
MIRNA M MIRAMONTES
EVERARDO MIRAMONTES
C/O EVERARDO MIRAMONTES
3811 GRAND VIEW BLVD
LOS ANGELES, CA 90066-4405
Subject: Payment Challenges
Property Address: 10598 Kinnard Ave
Los Angeles CA 90024
Online:
Fax:
Telephone:
Page 1 of 3
AMll!RjCA’S 8/l!RVICHIQ CO~PANY
Account Information
mortgageaccountonline.com
(866) 359-7363
(800) 842-7654
Correspondence: PO Box 10328
Des Moines, IA 50306
Hours of Operation: Mon – Fri 8am-6pm ln Your Time Zone
Loan Number: 1256036988
Property Address: 10598 Kinnard Ave
Los Anneles CA 90024
Dear Mirna M Miramontes, Everardo Miramontes & Clo Everardo Miramontes:
Thank you for contacting us about your mortgage payment challenges. In an effort to help you remain
in your home, we’re writing to offer you a Special Forbearance Plan (“Agreement”). This offer is based
on our review of the financial information you provided and conversations we’ve held.
Currently, your loan is due for 27 installments, from 11/01/08 through 01/01/11. As agreed, you have
promised to pay the amounts stated within the Agreement, the terms and conditions of which are
outlined on page three. The agreement must be signed and returned with the first installment to:
America’s Servicing Company
1000 Blue Gentian Road
Suite 300
MAC X9999-01N
Eagan MN 55121
This is not a waiver of the accrued or future payments that become due, but a trial period showing you
can make regular monthly payments.
Upon successful completion of the Agreement, your loan will not be contractually current. Since the
installments may be less than the total amount due, you may still have outstanding payments and fees.
Any outstanding payments and fees will be reviewed for a loan modification. If approved for a loan
modification, based on investor guidelines, this will satisfy the remaining past due payments on your
loan and we will send you a loan modification agreement. An additional payment may be required.
Any installments received will be applied to the delinquent payments on the loan. During this
11111111111111111111111111111 Ill II I II
LM004 106 012711LM0040001A
001943/003240 AGN’!ll S2-ET-M1-C001
Agreement, installments are to be mailed to:
America’s Servicing Company
1200 W 71h Street
Suite L2-200
Los Angeles CA 90017
Page 2 of 3
Account Information
Loan Number: 1256036988
Property Address: 10598 Kinnard Ave
Los Anoeles CA 90024
If your loan is in foreclosure, we will instruct our foreclosure counsel to suspend foreclosure
proceedings once the initial installment has been received, and to continue to suspend the action as
long as you keep to the terms of the Agreement. Upon full reinstatement, we will instruct our
foreclosure proceedings and report to the credit bureaus accordingly.
During this period, we are requesting that you maintain contact with our office in order to establish
acceptable arrangements for bringing your loan current.
If you have questions or need further assistance, please contact us at the number listed in the account
information section of this letter. We appreciate your prompt attention to this matter.
Sincerely,
Borrower Counseling Services
America’s Servicing Company
This communication is an attempt to collect a debt and any information obtained will be used for that purpose. However, if you have received a
discharge of this debt in bankruptcy or are currently in a bankruptcy case, this notice is not intended as an attempt to collect a debt, and we have a
security interest in the property and will only exercise our rights as against the property.
With respect to those loans secured by property located in the State of California, the state Rosenthal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act require that,
except under unusual circumstances, collectors may not contact you before 8 a.m. or after 9 p.m. They may not harass you by using threats of
violence or arrest or by using obscene language. Collectors may not use false or misleading statements or call you at work if they know or have reason
to know that you may not receive personal calls at work. For the most part, collectors may not tell another person, other than your attorney or spouse,
about your debt. Collectors may contact another person to confirm your location or enforce a judgment. For more information about debt collection
activities, you may contact the Federal Trade Commission at 1-877-FTC-HELP or www.ftc.gov.
1111111 111111 II Ill II 1111 II 1111111 111
LM004 106 012711LM0040001A
0019431003241 AGNRll S2-ET-M1-C001
-Page 3 of 3
SPECIAL FORBEARANCE AGREEMENT – TERMS AND CONDITIONS
1. Currently your loan is due for 27 installments, from 11101/08 through 01/01/11. The indebtedness
of the referenced loan is in default and in consideration of extending forbearance for a period of
time, it is necessary that you indicate your understanding and acceptance of the terms of the
forbearance agreement by immediately signing and returning this agreement. Failure to sign and
return this agreement.
2. This Agreement temporarily accepts reduced installments or maintains regular monthly payments
as outlined in section 5 below. Upon successful completion of the Agreement, your loan will not be
contractually current. Since the installments may be less than the total amount due you may still
have outstanding payments and fees. Any outstanding payments and fees will be reviewed for a
loan modification, based on investor guidelines, this will satisfy the remaining past due payments
on your loan and we will send you a loan modification agreement. An additional payment may be
required.
3. The lender is under no obligation to enter into any further agreement, and this Agreement shall not
constitute a waiver of the lender’s right to insist upon strict performance in the future.
4. All of the provisions of the Note and Security Instrument, except as herein provided, shall remain
in full force and effect. Any breach of any provision of this Agreement or no-compliance with this
Agreement, shall render the forbearance null and void. The lender, in its sole discretion and
without further notice to you, may terminate this Agreement. If the Agreement is terminated, the
lender may institute foreclosure proceedings according to the terms of the Note and Security
Instrument. In the event of foreclosure, you may incur additional expenses of attorney’s fees and
foreclosure costs.
5. Each payment must be remitted according to the schedule below.
01 02/03/11 14,000.00 02 03/03/11 9,513.25 03 04/03/11 9,513.25 04
05/03/11 9,513.25
6. There is no “grace period” allowance in this agreement. All installments must be received on or
before the agreed due date and made strictly in accordance with section 5 above. If any
installment is not received on or before the respective due date, the Agreement will be void and
the total delinquency, including fees, will be due immediately.
7. The total amount indicated on each installment must be remitted. In the event the total amount
due of each payment is not received, the Agreement will be rendered null and void.
By signing this t I hereby consent to being contacted concerning this loan at any cellular or
· e ephone number I may . This includes text messages, at no cost to me, and telephone calls
including the use of automated di · g systems to contact my cellular or mobile telephone.
:-:–:–~=====-_ill~G’.~’Zi>~ ~~ ~,~_,~~~//
Co-ri”TOOgagor ~te
II Ill II I Ill II II Ill II II II II II Ill II I II
LM004 106 012711LM0040001A
0019431003242 AGNRll S2-ET-M1 -C001

EXHIBIT D
Branch :POl,User :1941 Comment: Station Id :ZSKO
..A. This page is part of your document – DO NOT DISCARD ..A.
• 20082192462
; ‘-·.~.:/ I lllllllllll lllll lllll lllll lllll 111111111111111111111111111111111 p~~8::
RecordedlFlled In Official Records
Recorder’s Office, Los Angeles County,
California
12/12/08 AT 08:00AM
FEES: 16.00
TAXES: 0.00
OTHER: 0.00
PAID: 16.00
TITLE(S) : NOTICE DEFAULT
LOS ANGELES, CA
Document: ND 2008.2192462
I llllllll II lllllll Ill lllllll Ill lllllll Ill llllllll II lllllll Ill 1111111111111111111111111111111111
LEADSHEET
200812120250008
1111111m111111 ~1111111111111111 ~1111m1
001137983
SEQ:
08
DAR – Title Company (Hard Copy)
11m11111111111111111111111~111111111111~ ~~1111111111111111~1111m1
I ~11 llSI !!1111111111 ~I im11~11n ~111~111111~ 1111111111~ IHlllll 111
THIS FORM IS NOl: TO BE DUPLICATED
Page I of 4
…. I
Printed on 4/27/2012 9:04:02 AM
Branch :POl,User :1941
R,~.,..dlng Requeatod By
ServiceUnk
‘ Recording Requested By
When Recorded Mail To
Cal-Western Reconveyance Corp.
P.O. Box 22004
525 East Main Street
El Cajon CA 92022-9004
*1183100-15* *NODXR*
Trustee Sale No. 1183100-15
Comment:
4cpol Y ‘L(.,< Space Above This Line For Recorder’s Use
Loan No. XXXXXX6988 Ref: MIRAMONTES, MIRNA
NOTICE OF DEFAULT
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Station Id :ZSKO
IF YOUR PROPERTY IS IN FORECLOSURE BECAUSE YOU ARE BEHIND IN
YOUR PAYMENTS, IT MAY BE SOLD WITHOUT ANY COURT ACTION, and you may
have legal right to bring your account in good standing by paying all of your past due payments plus
permitted costs and expenses within the time permitted by law for reinstatement of your account, which
1s normally five business days prior to the date set for the sale of your property. No sale date may be set
until three months from the date this notice of default may be recorded (which date of recordation
appears on this notice). This amount Is $28,456.79 as of December 09, 2008, and will increase until your
account becomes current. While your property is in foreclosure, you still must pay other obligations
(such as insurance and taxes) required by your note and deed of trust or mortgage. If yon fail to make
future payments on the loan, pay taxes on the property, provide insurance on the property, or pay other
obligations as required in the note and deed of trust or mortgage, the beneficiary or mortgagee may insist
that you do so tn order to reinstate your account in good standing. In addition, the beneficiary or
mortgagee may require as a condition to reinstatement that you provide reliable written evidence that
you paid all senior Dens, property taxes, and hazard insurance premiums.
Upon your written request, the beneficiary or mortgagee will give -you a written itemization of the
entire amount you must pay. You may not have to pay the entire unpaid portion of your account, even
though full payment was demanded, but you must pay all amounts in default at the time payment is
made. However, you and your beneficiary or mortgagee may mutually agree in writing prior to the time
the notice of sale is posted (which may not be earlier than the end of the three-month period stated above)
to, among other things, (1) provide additional time in which to cure the default by transfer of the
property or otherwise; or (2) establish a schedule of payments in order to cure your default; or both (1)
and (2).
Following the expiration of the time period referred to in the first paragraph of this notice, unless the
obligation being foreclosed upon or a separate written agreement between you and your creditor permits
a longer period, you have only the legal right to stop the sale of your property by paying the entire
amount demanded by your creditor.
To find out the amount you must pay, or to arrange for payment to stop the foreclosure, or if your
property is io foreclosure for any other reason, contact:
HSBC BANK USA, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, AS TRUSTEE FOR THE
HOLDERS OF NOMURA HOME EQUITY LOAN, INC., HOME EQUITY LOAN**
CIO CAL-WESTERN RECONVEY ANCE CORPORATION
525 EAST MAIN STREET
P.O. BOX 22004
EL CAJON 9004 CA 92022-9004
(619)590-9200
If you have any questions, you should contact a lawyer or the governmental agency which may have
insured your loan.
LOS ANGELES,CA
Document: ND 2008.2192462
Page 2 of 4
Page I or2
Printed on 4/2712012 9:04:02 AM
Branch :POl,User :1941 Comment: Station Id :ZSKO
j
Notwithstanding the fact that yonr property is in foreclosure, you may offer yonr property for sale,
provided the sale is concluded prior to the conclusion of the foreclosure. Remember, YOU MAY
LOSE LEGAL RIGHTS IF YOU DO NOT TAKE PROMPT ACTION.
NOTICE OF DEFAULT AND ELECTION TO SELL UNDER DEED OF TRUST
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN:
CAL-WESTERN RE CONVEYANCE CORPORATION is either the original trustee, the duly appointed
substituted trustee, or acting as agent for the trustee or beneficiary under a deed of trust dated
September 15, 2006 executed by
EVERARDO MIRAMONTES AND MIRNA M MIRAMONTES, HUSBAND AND WIFE
as trustor, to secure certain obligations in favor of
MORTGAGE ELECTRONIC REGISTRATION SYSTEMS, INC AS NOMINEE FOR
SIL VER STATE FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC. DIB/A SIL VER STA TE* as beneficiary
recorded as document 06 2148186 on September 27, 2006 in book XX page XX official records in the
office of County Recorder
of LOS ANGELES County, California, describing land therein as:
COMPLETELY DESCRIBED IN SAID DEED OF TRUST
**TRUST, SERIES 2007-1
*MORTGAGE
said obligations including a promissory note for the principal sum of $1,004,250.00
that a breach of, and default in, the obligations for which such Deed of Trust is security bas occurred in
that payment has not been made of:
Failure to pay the monthly payment due September 1, 2008 of interest only and subsequent installments
due thereafter; plus late charges; together with all subsequent sums advanced by beneficiary pursuant to
the terms and conditions of said deed of trust.
That by reason thereof the present beneficiary under such Deed of Trust has deposited with said trustee
such Deed of Trust and all documents evidencing obligations secured thereby and has declared and does
hereby declare all sums secured thereby immediately due and payable and has elected and does hereby
elect to cause the trust property to be sold to satisfy the obligations secured thereby.
Sec attached SB1137 Declaration.
T.S. l183100-15
Dated: December 09, 2008
0910512008 rev.
LOS ANGELES,CA
Document: ND 2008.2192462
Page 3 of 4 Printed on 4/27/2012 9:04:02 AM
Branch :POl,User :1941 Connnent:
NOTICE OF DEFAULT DECLARATION
PURSUANrTO CALIFORNIA CNIL CODE 2923.5
America’s Servicing Company
3476 Stateview Blvd
Fort Mil~ SC 29715
Borrower: MIRNA M MIRAMONTES
The undersigned mortgagee, beneficiary, or their authorized agent (collectively, the
“Beneficiary’) repre”‘rt and declares that the requirements of CA Civil Cede 2923.5 have been
met. This Declaration is required for any residential owner occupied property in which the loan
was criginated between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2007. Non~owner occupied and
vacant properties are exempt from the requirements of CA Civil Code 2923.5.
One of the l:elow necessary requirements was met by the Bereficiary:





The Beneficiary has made contact with the borrower pursuant to CA Civil Code
2923( a)(2). Contact with the borrower was made in person or by telephone to assess the
borrower’s financial situation and expk>re options for the borrower to avoid foreclorure.
Due Diligence to contact the borrower was exercised purswnt to CA Civil Code
2923.5(g)(2) by the Beneficiary.
The borr<Mler has surrendered the property as evidenced by either a letter confirming the
surrender or er livery of the keys to the property to the mortgagee, Trustee, beneficiary. or
authcrized agent pur&Jant to CA Civil Code 2923.S(h)(l ).
The borrower has contracted “1th an organizatirn, perron, or entity whose primary
business is advising people who have decided to leave their homes on OOw to extend the
foreclC6ure process and avoid their contractual obli~tions to mortgagees or beneficiaries
pursuant to CA Civil Code2923.5(hX2).
The borro;ver has filed for blnkruf(cy and the proceedings have mt been finalized
pursuant to CA Civil Code2923.5(hX3).
Dated: —“12″‘/0’-‘3~12″‘0~08~-.
; John Kennerly
Station Id :ZSKO
LOS ANGELES,CA
Document: ND 2008.2192462
Page 4 of4 Printed on 4/27/2012 9:04:02 AM

EXHIBIT E
. . Thls page b part of your document – DO NOT DISCARD
20090049028 ^,
I rilililillilril lllll ililililt]il ltil ilil tilt ilil ilil lll
RecordedlFlled ln Offlclal Records
RecordeÉs Office, Los Angeles Gounty,
Galiforni¡
01114109 AT 08:004M
FEES:
TãXES:
O{THER:
PÀID
Paoes:
0ú04
1?.O0
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o.00
17. OO
ÏrLE(s) : SUBST|TUTION TRUSTEE
. A.
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LEADSHEET
ilililililt ililililtililril1 il|il ilil lltil ilil |ililffi iltil iltil il1ffi ilt
200901 l,[0120004
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SEQ:
01
DAR, – Tftle ConÞany (Ilard copy)
t ilt til ilt ilil lr ffi ul n illu ülll lll flt Nl lill lllll llu ill il ml
lllililtr H iln ilrilfl ffi mil ru il ffi ilt ülttil ffi il ü ]t
^.
ßrt
THIS FORM IS NOT TO BE DUPLICATED
^,
nÈcoim¡otlbeBËr!ffiÈq
Servlceunr
! t’
,^.ND WHEN RECORDED MAIL TO;
CAL-WESTI]RN RECONVEYANCE CORPORATION
525 EAST MAIN STREET
P.O, BOX 22004
EL CAJON CA 92022-9Q04
ilililliltiltiljtruililfllililil¡ililll|illilllll lllllruiluil[illilllllllll
PACE ABOVE THIS LINE FOR RECORDER’S USE-
LOAN NO.: XXXXXX6988 T’S. NO. r r83t00-15
¿/DOo tqdai SUBSTITUTION OF TRUSTEE
This Form Provided By Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation
WHEREAS, EVERARDO MIRAMONTES AND MIRNA M MIRAMONTES, HUSBAND AND
WIFE was the original Trustor,
FIRST AUERICAN TITLE
was the original Trustee,
ANd MORTGAGE ELECTRONIC REGISTRATION SYSTEMS’ INC AS NOMTNEE FOR SILVER
STATE FINANCIAL SERVICES,INC, D/B/A SILVER STATE* WAS thc OTigiNAI BCNCTC¡AT
under that certain Deed of Trust dated September 15, 2006 and recorded on Septembet 27,2006 as
lnsrrument No. 06 2148186, in book XX, page XX of Official Records of LOS ANGELES County,
California, and
WHEREAS, rhe undersigned is the present Beneficiary under said Deed of Trust, and WHEREAS,
the undersigned desires to substitute a new Trustee under said Deed of Trust in the place and stead of
present Truîtee thereunder, in the manner in said Deed of Trust provided’
NOW, THEREFORE, the undersigned hereby substitutes
CAL.WESTERN RECONVEYANCE CORPORATION
525 EAST MAIN STREET, P.O. BOX 22004
EL CAJON CA 92022-9004
as Trustee under said Deed of Trust.
SI.JBCA2.DO( Rev.0l/14l0t
Page I of2
)A
a r t’ r
SUBSTITUTION OF TRUSTEE
L¡ qttLOAN NO:
TS NO: -5
Whencver the context hereof so requires, the masculine gender includes the feminine and/or neuter’
and the singular number includes the plural.
Dated: Dtc 0’¿ ¡n8
Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. (MERS)
Wendy V. Perry
Assistant Sec
STATE OF:
COUNTY OF:
California
San Diego
on DEC 0 2 !ú! before -r, — . Rhonda Rorie , a Notary Public in and for said State,p”,’whoprovedtomeonthebasisofsatisfactoryevidencetobetheperson(s)
*¡or” nanre(s) ¡slare su¡sËiibed to the within instrument and acknowledged to me that he/sheithey executed the
same in his/her/their authorlzed capaciry(ies), and that by his/her/their signature(s) on the instrument the person(s),
or r¡e enrity upon behalf of which ihe person(s) acted, executed the instrument’ I certifo under PENALTY OF
pERJURy uncler the laws of the State of California that the foregoing paragraph is true and correct’
WITN and officia
I
Signature mt(e¡rD €¡e. ìlrv lt.zoto
l)r::c I ¡’¡ l’l{¡r .t) II l.l,’0tì
r¡ 1a
CAL-WESTERN
RECOT{VE”TAT{CE
CORPORATION
U9 T8
| $¡¡Po-ts
4
AFFIDAVIT OF MAILING SUBSTITUTION OF TRUSTEE
PURSUANT TO CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE $29344′
STATE OF CALIFORNIA
COUNTY OF SAN DIEGO
THE UNDERSIGNED BEING SryORN, SAY(S):
A COPY OF THE SUBSTITUTION OF TRUSTEE HAS BEEN MAILED, PRTOR TO OR
CONCURRENTLY WITH THE RECORDING THEREOF, IN THE IVTANNER PROVIDED IN
SECT¡ON 2934a OF THE CML CODE OF CALIFORNIA, TO ALL PERSONS TO ryHOM A COPY
OF THE NOTICE OF DEFAULT lryOULD BE REQUIRED TO BE MAILED BY THE PROVISIONS
OF SUCH SECTION.
Dated¡ JA¡_g¡}æ
Arnold
State of California
County of San Diego
JAlt 0,E [nSubscribedandswornto(oraffÏrm€d)beforemeon-‘bySarahArnold’
proved fo me on the basis of satisfactory evidence to be the person(s) who appeared betore me’
LOAN NO.
T.S NO.
L.
colrM. 115E90.17
rþf tr Plä-F .cltlFrofitra^
sÀÎ{ olEGOcouxrY
Corrm. JIXIE 2000
Crl-Western Reconveyrnce Corporrlion
S2S Eåsr Msin Street, Et C¡jon, C¡lifornis 92020 rP.O. Box 22004, El Cajon, Californi¡ 92022-9004
TEL: (619) 590-9200 ¡FAX: (619) 590-9299 I Websitc: www’cwrc’com
ASUB.DOC Rev.0l/01/08

EXHIBIT F
Branch :POl ,User: 1941
LOS ANGELES,CA
Document: NT 2012.27093 I
Comment: Station Id :ZSKO
This page Is part of your document – DO NOT DISCARD ..A.
Pages:
0003
Recorder’s Office, Los Angeles County,
California


02121/12 AT OS:OOAM
FEES: 21.00
TJXES’ 0 , 00
OTHER: 0.00
PAID: 21.00
I llllllll II lllllll Ill lllllll Ill lllllll Ill llllllll II lllllll Ill 1111111111111111111111111111111111
LEADSHEET
1~11~11001~1u~~11m1m~1rn1111
201202210180007
00005395115
m~i 111111111111111~111111111111111111111~ 1111
003809175
SEQ:
I 15
i
IL
DAR – Title Company (Hard Copy)
1 mmm 11111~11 ~1111~11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 ~1111111111
1111! m111~ 111111111111111111111i 11~ 111111i1111111111111m1 m1111111111 m1 i111111
THIS FORM IS NOT TO BE DUPLICATED
f
Page I of3 Printed on 4/27/2012 9:04:03 AM
Branch :POJ,User:l941
SeMCGlin)(
RECORDING REQUESTED BY
And When Recorded Mail To:
CAL-WESTERN RECONVEYANCE
CORPORATION
525 EAST MAIN STREET
P.O. BOX 22004
EL CAJON CA 92022-9004
APN. 4326-028-013
Trustee Sale No. 1183100-15
Comment:
Space Above This Line For Recorder’s Use
NOTICE OF TRUSTEE’S SALE
TRA:000067
REF: MIRAMONTES, MIRNA UNVER
Property Address: 10598 KINNARD AVENUE, LOS ANGELES CA 90024
IMPORTANT NOTICE TO PROPERTY OWNER:
YOU ARE JN DEFAULT UNDER A DEED OF TRUST, DATED September 15,2006. UNLESS YOU
TAKE ACTION TO PROTECT YOUR PROPERTY, ITMAY BE SOLD AT A PUBLIC SALE. IF
YOU NEED AN EXPLANATION OF THE NATURE OF THE PROCEEDING AGAINST YOU, YOU
SHOULD CONTACT A LA WYER
On March 13, 2012, at 9:00am, CAL-WESTERN RECONVEY ANCE CORPORATION, as duly
appointed trustee under and pursuant to Deed of Trust recorded September 27, 2006, as Inst. No. 06
2148186, in book XX, page XX, of Official Records in the office of the County Recorder of LOS
ANGELES County, State of CALIFORNIA executed by:
EVERARDO MIRAMONTES AND MIRNA M MIRAMONTES, HUSBAND AND WIFE
WILL SELL AT PUBLIC AUCTION TO HIGHEST BIDDER FOR CASH, CASl-IIER’S CHECK
DRAWN ON A STATE OR NATIONAL BANK, A CHECK DRAWN BY A STATE OR FEDERAL
CREDIT UNION, OR A CHECK DRAWN BY A STATE OR FEDERAL SAVINGS AND LOAN
ASSOCIATION, SAVINGS ASSOCIATION, OR SAVINGS BANK SPECIFfED IN SECTION 5102
OF THE FINANCIAL CODE AND AUTHORIZED TO DO BUSrNESS IN THIS STATE:
BEHIND THE FOUNTAIN LOCATED IN CIVIC CENTER PLAZA, 400 CIVIC
CENTER PLAZA
POMONA CALIFORNIA
all right, title and interest conveyed to and now held by it under sai.d Deed of Trust in the property
situated in said County and State described as:
COMPLETELY DESCRIBED IN SAID DEED OF TRUST
NOS DOC Rev 10101110 Pnge I ofl
Station Id :ZSKO
LOS ANGELES,CA
Document: NT 2012.27093I
Page 2 of3 Printed on 4/27/20I2 9:04:03 AM
Branch :POl,User :1941 Comment:
..
_,
NOTICE OF TRUSTEE’S SALE
Trustee Sales No. 1183 J 00-15
The street address and other common designation, if any, of the real property described above is
purported to be:
10598 KINNARD AVENUE
LOS ANGELES CA 90024
The undersigned Trustee disclaims any liability for any incorrectness of the street address and other
common designation) if any, shovn herein.
Said sale will be held, but without covenant or warranty, express or implied, regarding title, possession,
condition, or encumbrances, including fees, charges and expenses of the Trustee and of the trusts created
by said Deed of Trust, to pay the remaining principal sums of the note(s) secured by said Deed of Trust.
The total amount of the unpaid balance of the obligation secured by the property to be sold and reasonable
estimated costs, expenses and advances at the time of the initial publication of the Notice of Sale is:
$1,398,590.34.
If the Trustee is unable to convey title for any reason, the successful bidder’s sole and exclusive
rentcdy shall be the return of monies paid to the Trustee, and the successful bidder shall have no
further recourse.
The beneficiary under said Deed of Trust heretofore executed and delivered to the undersigned a written
Declaration of Default and De1nand for Salej and a written Notice of Default and Election to Sell. The
undersigned caused said Notice of Default and Election to Sell to be recorded in the county .Vhere the real
property is located.
FOR SALES INFORMATJON: Mon – Fri 9:00am to 4:00pm (619)590-1221
CAL-WESTERN RECONVEY ANCE CORPORATION
525 EAST MAIN STREET
P.O. BOX 22004
EL CAJON CA 92022-9004
Dated: February 15, 2012 CAL-WESTERN RECONVEYANCE CORPORATION
Station Id :ZSKO
)
SelvioeLink, as agent
By:.-.l”-“”l.’.<‘.~-=’–‘-,…,~=:t>.—-
NOS DOC
LOS ANGELES,CA
Document: NT 2012.270931
R~v 10/01/10
Page 3 of3
VANGlEORTE
Pag.e2 of2
Printed on 4/27/2012 9:04:03 AM

EXHIBIT G
Case5:11-cv-00079-EJD Document1 Filed01/07/11 Page17 of 27
Case5:11-cv-00079-EJD Document1 Filed01/07/11 Page18 of 27
Case5:11-cv-00079-EJD Document1 Filed01/07/11 Page19 of 27

EXHIBIT H

__________________________________________________________________________________
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al.
DECLARATION OF ROBERT HAYWOOD – PAGE 1
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OFFICES OF
═════════
PAVONE & FONNER
═════════
A LAW PARTNERSHIP

BENJAMIN PAVONE, ESQ.
STATE BAR NUMBER 181826
7676 HAZARD CENTER DRIVE, 5TH FLOOR
SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA 92108
TELEPHONE: 619 224 8885
FACSIMILE: 619 224 8886
EMAIL: bpavone@cox.net

ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFFS
EVERARDO AND MIRNA MIRAMONTES

STATE OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES

LOS ANGELES SUPERIOR COURT

CASE NO.: 14-K-05048

DECLARATION OF
ROBERT HAYWOOD

I, Robert Haywood, if called to testify, could and would testify competently to the
following:
1. I currently live and work in Los Angeles, California, and I was a resident of Los
Angeles, California in 2012 as well.
EVERARDO MIRAMONTES;

PLAINTIFFS,
v.

WELLS FARGO & COMPANY;
WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A.;
WELLS FARGO HOME MORTGAGE;
AMERICAN SERVICING COMPANY;
CAL-WESTERN RECONVEYANCE
CORPORATION;
HSBC BANK USA NA;
JEM & TLC INVESTMENTS LLC;
BRENT LIPPINCOTT;
and Does 1-20,

DEFENDANTS.

__________________________________________________________________________________
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al.
DECLARATION OF ROBERT HAYWOOD – PAGE 2
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2. My line of business is Consumer Package Goods Marketing.
3. On April 12, 2012, I attended a foreclosure trustee’s sale at 400 Civic Center
Plaza, Pomona, California behind the fountain located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to
purchase the residential property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los Angeles, California,
TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 (“Kinnard Property”).
4. In order to participate as a bidder at the trustee’s sale of the Kinnard Property on
April 12, 2012, I had been pre-qualified to $1,700,000 for the Kinnard Property as reflected by
a verbal agreement from the second lienholder Ray Tom. Although I was pre-approved by Ray
Tom, I did not have a check on my person for purchase. This was because Ray Tom learned of
the property auction the evening of April 11, 2012 and did not have time to get the check to me
prior to the 9:00 AM PST, April 12, 2012 auction. If the property sold, I was going to make
immediate contact with the buyer and initiate negotiations to purchase the property as is.
5. The trustee’s sale of the Kinnard Property was conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance Corporation and Reliable Posting & Publishing.
6. I arrived at the trustee’s sale location prior to any of the auction personnel on the
morning of April 12, 2012.
7. At 9:00 a.m., the scheduled time for the trustee’s sale, there was no information
communicated about the Kinnard Property by the auction personnel. I therefore approached
Robert Cadman, one of the auction staff members, to ask about the status of the Kinnard
Property.
8. Mr. Cadman then represented to me that he did not have any information
regarding the sale of the Kinnard Property.
9. I showed him the paperwork I had brought with me containing information about
the Kinnard Property and its sale by the trustee at that time and place. The information I
showed Mr. Cadman also included a pending lawsuit brought by a junior recorded lienholder of
the Kinnard Property, Case No. BC455989, filed in California Superior Court for Los Angeles
County.

__________________________________________________________________________________
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al.
DECLARATION OF ROBERT HAYWOOD – PAGE 3
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10. After receiving this information from me, Mr. Cadman told me he was going to
call his office immediately to check on the status of the Kinnard Property trustee’s sale. I was
present and overheard his side of this conversation. I also observed Mr. Cadman making notes
during this phone call.
11. Upon completing his call, Mr. Cadman informed me that the trustee’s sale of the
Kinnard Property was being “postponed” and would not occur that day, April 12, 2012, as
scheduled. I asked him to state again and confirm that the trustee’s sale of the Kinnard Property
was being postponed and he did so. I pressed Mr. Cadman further for confirmation by asking if
the trustee’s sale would occur later in the day on April 12, 2012, and he said it would not. He
said that the sale was postponed and would be scheduled for another day to be determined.
12. With these repeated assurances from Mr. Cadman that the trustee’s sale of the
Kinnard Property would not take place as scheduled on April 12, 2012, I left the sale location
and walked back to my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza. It was 9:31 a.m. when I got back
to my car.
13. At no time during my discussion with Mr. Cadman or any other auction personnel
at the sale locaiton on the morning of April 12, 2012 did Mr. Cadman or anyone else tell me
that the sale was “momentarily on hold” and would or could proceed later that same day.
14. Later in the afternoon of April 12, 2012, I contacted Ashley Keithlee and Carla
Rambeau of Reliable Posting & Publishing to ask about the new trustee’s sale date for the
Kinnard Property. They informed me that the Kinnard Property had been sold in a trustee’s sale
earlier that morning at the Civic Center Plaza location at 10:08 a.m. for one cent over the
opening price.
15. As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading
information by the trustee’s sale auction personnel, in particular Mr. Robert Cadman, which
caused me to believe the Kinnard Property would not be offered for sale on April 12, 2012.
That false information, given to me repeatedly as I asked for confirmation several times, in turn
caused me to leave the sale location. As a direct result of Mr. Cadman’s deception, I was

__________________________________________________________________________________
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al.
DECLARATION OF ROBERT HAYWOOD – PAGE 4
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prevented from bidding on the Kinnard Property, which I was fully prepared and qualified to do
up to the amount of $1,700,000 as described above.
16. I was both upset and surprised when I learned that the trustee’s sale of the
Kinnard Property had occurred in this fraudulent and unfair manner, so much so that on April
16, 2012, I wrote and sent eleven (11) letters to different executive staff members of the
business entities involved with the trustee’s sale, namely Cal-Western Reconveyance
Corporation, its parent company Prommis Solutions, Reliable Posting & Publishing, and
Bankruptcy West. True and correct copies of these letters are attached hereto as Exhibits B
through L, and as individually authenticated below.
17. My letters to these executives described the entire sequence of my experience at
the Kinnard Property trustee’s sale on the morning of April 12, 2012 as I have described above,
and expressed my genuine shock and outrage at having been so blatantly lied to by the trustee’s
sale auction personnel who were representatives of their respective companies.
18. My letters also pointed out that the auction personnel deprived the beneficiaries
under any deeds of trust related to the Kinnard Property, including the Kinnard Property’s
foreclosed owner and the junior lienholders, from realizing any excess proceeds from the
trustee’s sale to recoup their losses. The personnel’s conduct was therefore directly contrary to
their duties to obtain the best price possible for all concerned.
19. Finally, my letters asked the executives to investigate the trustee’s sale of the
Kinnard Property immediately and take action to remedy the situation, including rescinding the
fraudulent sale.
20. I received only one response to my eleven (11) letters. It was from Michelle
Mierzwa, Corporate Counsel, Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation dated May 1, 2012 see
attached.
21. Attached hereto as Exhibit B is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Charles Piper, Chief Executive Officer & President of Prommis Solutions, the
parent company of Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation.

__________________________________________________________________________________
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al.
DECLARATION OF ROBERT HAYWOOD – PAGE 5
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22. Attached hereto as Exhibit C is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Chris Padilla, Vice President of West Coast Ancillary Services of Reliable
Posting and Publishing.
23. Attached hereto as Exhibit D is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Daniel Weinblatt, Chief Financial Officer of Prommis Solutions.
24. Attached hereto as Exhibit E is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Dick Volentine, General Counsel of Prommis Solutions.
25. Attached hereto as Exhibit F is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Ed Hill, Senior Vice President of Trustee Services of Cal-Western
Reconveyance Corporation.
26. Attached hereto as Exhibit G is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Margaret Padilla, President, Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation.
27. Attached hereto as Exhibit H is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Marie Reinicke, Chief Administrative Officer of Cal-Western Reconveyance
Corporation.
28. Attached hereto as Exhibit I is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Michelle Ansley, Senior Vice President, Shares Services, of Prommis
Solutions.
29. Attached hereto as Exhibit J is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Monica Mora, Vice President of Bankruptcy West.
30. Attached hereto as Exhibit K is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April 16,
2012 from me to Suzanne Eaton, Chief Marketing Officer of Cal-Western Reconveyance
Corporation.

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31. Atlached hereto as Exhibit K is a true and correct copy of a letter dated April
16, 2012 from me to Tina Jones. Vice President. Bankruptcy and Foreclosure East
Operations. of Prommis Solutions .
32. Attached hereto as Exhibit L is a true and correct copy of a letter dated May I,
2012 from Michelle Mierzwa. Corporate Coun el. Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation
to me.
I hereby declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the State of California
that to the best of my knowledge, information and belief, the fore oing is true an correct.
Date: August 15. 2014
Robert I laywood
MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al.
DECLARATION OF ROB ERT llAYWOOD PAGE 6

EXHIBIT A
CAL-WESTERN
RECONVEYANCE
CORPORATION
A Prommis Solutions Company
May 1, 2012
Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
Re: Borrowers: Everardo Miramontes and Mirna M. Miramontes
T.S. No.: I 183100-15
Property Address: 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90024
Dear Mr. Haywood:
I v.~·ite to you on behalf of Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation (“CWR”) regarding
identical letters individually addressed to Ed Hill, Margaret Padilla, Marie Reinicke, Suzmme
Eaton, and Charles Piper, dated April 16, 2012 (collectively “Correspondence”). Your
Correspondence was sent with respect to the above-referenced trnstee sale number and property
address (“Property”), which m·e no longer subject to non-judicial foreclosure proceedings. As you
are already aware, a trustee’s sale occurred on April 12, 2012 (“Sale”), and title to the property
was trmisferred to the successful third party purchaser. Please direct any future inquiries
regarding this trustee sale number and Property to me as counsel for CWR.
With respect to your Correspondence, you have requested tliat an investigation be made
as to the events that transpired during the Sale. You allege that you were given false mid
misleading information by Robert Cadman when he told you that the sale was being postponed
mJd rescheduled for mJother day after you presented him with copies of court documents relating
to Case No. BC455989, thereby preventing you to bid on the Property.
After an investigation of the incidents relating to the Sale, CWR confirmed with Robert
Cadmmi that he did not advise you that the Sale would be postponed. The accuracy of this
statement was further affirmed by Doug Beckstrom, the auctioneer who conducted the Sale. A
probe of the events that took place on the day of the Sale revealed that Robert Cadmm1 advised
you that the Sale was momentm·ily put “on hold” after he spoke with a sales agent from CWR
regarding the court documents you presented to him. The Sale was put “on hold” because there
was a need to verify whether the court documents you had submitted warrmited a postponement
of the Sale. However, despite this information, you decided to leave the sales site. In fact, after
you had left the sales site, several persons inquired as to the status of the Sale mid they were all
informed that the Sale was put on hold pending further instructions from CWR. In the interim,
the sales of other properties were continuously held from 9:00 AM to I 0:00 AM. At
5z5 East Main Street, El Cajon, California 92020 · P.O Box 22004, El Cajon, California 92022,-9004
TEL: (619) 590-9200 ·FAX: (619) 590-9299
CAL-WESTERN
RECONVEYANCE
CORPORATION
A Prommis Solutions Company
approximately I 0:05 AM., the Property was cleared for sale and Doug Beckstrom cried the Sale
at around I 0:08 AM. At that time, fifteen people were present and only one bidder qualified for
the Sale.
In view of the foregoing, thp·e appears to be no irregularity as to the Sale. Therefore,
CWR lacks the independent ability to accommodate your request to rescind the same for the
allegations set forth in your Correspondence.
If you have any additional questions regarding this matter as it relates to CWR, you can
contact me at the n).nnber below.
Very truly yours,
Michelle Mierzwa
Corporate Counsel
Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation
525 East Main Street, El Cajon, California 92020 • P.0 Box 220041 El Cajon, California 92022-9004
TEL: (fo9) 590-9200 ·FAX: (fo9) 590-9299

EXHIBIT B
1

April 16, 2012
Charles Piper
Chief Executive Officer & President
Prommis Solutions
400 Northridge Road, Suite 700
Atlanta, GA 30350
Dear Charles Piper,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
2

than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT C
1

April 16, 2012
Chris Padilla
Vice President of West Coast Ancillary Services
Reliable Posting and Sales
9444 Farnham St, Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone – 858.375.5882
Fax: 619-590-1496
Email – christopher.padilla@prommis.com
Dear Chris Padilla,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
2

As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT D
1

April 16, 2012
Daniel Weinblatt
Chief Financial Officer
Prommis Solutions
400 Northridge Road, Suite 700
Atlanta, GA 30350
Dear Daniel Weinblatt,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
2

than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT E
1

April 16, 2012
Dick Volentine
General Counsel
Prommis Solutions
400 Northridge Road, Suite 700
Atlanta, GA 30350
Dear Dick Volentine,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
2

than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT F
1

April 16, 2012
Ed Hill
Senior Vice President – Trustee Services
Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation
525 East Main Street
El Cajon, CA 92020
Office: 619-569-1322
Fax: 281-380-3615
ed.hill@cwrc.com
Dear Ed Hill,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
2

As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT G
1

April 16, 2012
Margaret Padilla
President
Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation
525 East Main Street
El Cajon, CA 92020
Dear Margaret Padilla,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
2

than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT H
1

April 16, 2012
Marie Reinicke
Chief Administrative Officer
Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation
525 East Main Street
El Cajon, CA 92020
Dear Marie Reinicke,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
2

than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT I
1

April 16, 2012
Michelle Ansley
Senior Vice President Shared Services
Prommis Solutions
400 Northridge Road, Suite 700
Atlanta, GA 30350
Dear Michelle Ansley,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
2

than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT J
1

April 16, 2012
Monica Mora
Vice President Bankruptcy West
4375 Jutland Drive, Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92117
Telephone: (858) 750-7600
Facsimile: (619) 590-1385
Dear Monica Mora,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
2

bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT K

1

April 16, 2012
Suzanne Eaton
Chief Marketing Officer
Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation
525 East Main Street
El Cajon, CA 92020
Dear Suzanne Eaton,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
2

than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT L
1

April 16, 2012
Tina Jones
Vice President Bankruptcy and Foreclosure East Operations
Prommis Solutions
400 Northridge Road, Suite 700
Atlanta, GA 30350
Dear Tina Jones,
This correspondence requests your immediate attention to investigate an irregularity which occurred in
respect to a sale conducted on April 12, 2012.
On April 12, 2012, I attended a trustee sale at 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA behind the fountain
located in Civic Center Plaza. I was there to purchase the property located at 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. The sale was being conducted by Cal-Western
Reconveyance and Reliable Posting & Publishing. I arrived well in advance of the auction personnel. At
the scheduled time of the sale, 9:00 a.m., there was no information communicated on the subject
property by the auction personnel. I approached Robert Cadman to inquire on the status. At that time
he represented to me that he did not have any information regarding the sale. I presented Robert
Cadman with all of the information I had on my person regarding the subject property including
information regarding a pending lawsuit, Case No. BC 455989, filed in the Superior Court of the State of
California.
Once Robert Cadman was presented with the Superior Court information, he advised me that he was
going to immediately call the office to check on the status of the sale concerning the property. I was
present and overheard his conversation as he identified the property as 10598 Kinnard Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013. He also gave the information regarding the Superior
Court Case Number, BC 455989, and the filing date. I observed Robert Cadman making notes on a sheet
of paper which referenced the 10598 Kinnard property. He also attached the information I provided to
him concerning Case No. BC 455989. After the telephone conversation was completed, he told me that
the sale of the subject property was being postponed and would not occur on April 12, 2012. I asked
him again to confirm that the sale was postponed and he did. I pressed further, asking if he was certain
that the sale would not occur later in the day. At that time he assured me that the sale was, in-fact,
postponed and the sale would be rescheduled for another day. I then left the location and returned to
my car parked at the Civic Center Plaza and placed a call from my cell at 9:31 am to communicate the
10598 Kinnard sale postponement. It was later the afternoon of April 12, 2012, when I attempted to
determine the new sale date that I was informed by Ashley Keithlee and Carla Rambeau of Reliable
Posting and Publishing that the property was sold at 10:08 AM, April 12, 2012, for 1 cent over the
opening price. I will swear, under oath, in a court of law to these facts as previously outlined.
As the above facts clearly demonstrate, I was given false and misleading information by your
representative, Robert Cadman, which was obviously designed to deceive me and to prevent me from
bidding on the subject property. Allowing the purported sale of the property to stand will cast more
2

than a concerning light on you and your organization especially given the recent visibility of
improprieties at foreclosure auctions in California.
When I discovered that I had been tricked and misled concerning the sale of the property, I was
appalled. I am unable to comprehend how someone who is empowered with the duty of conducting a
fair and impartial public auction could blatantly lie to me; not to mention the fact that such conduct
potentially deprived the beneficiaries under any sold out junior lienholders from realizing any excess
proceeds from the trustee’s sale.
In summary, based on the events / facts presented above, it is with great conviction that I request you
and your organization immediately investigate the suspected fraudulent sale of 10598 Kinnard Avenue,
Los Angeles, CA; TSN 1183100-15; APN 4326-028-013 and take immediate action to remedy the
situation, including, but not limited to, the rescinding of the purported sale.
I anxiously await confirmation of your action this week upon your investigation of the facts set forth in
this letter. Thank you in advance for your immediate attention to this matter.
Best regards,

Robert Haywood
1400 Ambassador Street, #204
Los Angeles, CA 90035
(510) 610-3483 (cell)
rhaywood@alumni.princeton.edu

EXHIBIT I

MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
PROOF OF SERVICE – PAGE 1
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OFFICES OF
══════════
PAVONE & FONNER
══════════
A LAW PARTNERSHIP

7676 HAZARD CENTER DRIVE, 5TH FLOOR
SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA 92108
TELEPHONE: 619 224 8885
FACSIMILE: 619 224 8886
EMAIL: bpavone@cox.net

ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFFS
EVERARDO AND MIRNA MIRAMONTES

STATE OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES
LOS ANGELES SUPERIOR COURT

Q

CASE NO.: BC579177

PROOF OF SERVICE
I, Benjamin Pavone, declare as follows:
I am a resident of the San Diego County. I am over the age of eighteen years
and not a party to the within entitled action. My business address is 7676 Hazard Center Dr.,
5th Floor, San Diego, California 92108.

On September 2, 2015, I arranged for service of the following:

* Miramontes Third Amended Complaint with Exhibits A-I

EVERARDO MIRAMONTES, et al.

PLAINTIFFS,
v.

WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A., et al.

DEFENDANTS.

MIRAMONTES v. WELLS FARGO, et al., CASE NO. BC579177
PROOF OF SERVICE – PAGE 2
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Mr. David A. Berkley, Esq.
Severson & Werson, APC
19100 Von Karman Avenue, Ste. 700
Irvine, California 92612

These documents were sent by first class mail and electronic service.

I declare under the laws of the State of California in the County of San Diego
under penalty of perjury on this 2nd day of September, 2015 that the foregoing is true and
correct.

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